The creation of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce spread over the last two centuries. Throughout its foundation, this essay will deal with the Australian society over that period from the conception of this Faculty in 1850 to its effective creation in 1907. It will also relate to broader cultural development at the time. The aim of that essay will be to understand why the creation of the faculty of Economics and Commerce at the University of Sydney became an essential need in the Australian society. The University of Sydney was the first one to be founded in Australia in 1850. Its objective was to provide upon a liberal and comprehensive basis, a University which [should] be accessible to all classes and to all collegiate or academic institutions which [should] seek its affiliation . Hence, according to the committee appointed by the Legislative Council, all classes and all denominations could get a higher education, as long as they matched the requirements to join the University.
[...] The creation of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce took more than fifty years to get established, and a few years more to take its landmarks with its own building. Sydney inhabitants had to wait to experience a deep evolution in their ways of living and in their ways of thinking. Although businessmen were respected and highly considered before the 1890s, the middle-class society was not ready to erect a school of Economics and Commerce, maybe to be able to transmit their knowledge only within business families and not to popularise their knowledge. [...]
[...] Bibliography Primary Sources Calendar of the University of Sydney for the Year 1907 (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1907), p.131 Faculty of Arts: Minutes Book, 1889-1912 (Sydney: University of Sydney, 1912), pp. 286-288 New South Wales Parliamentary Debates, Legislative Assembly First Series, LXXXIX Turney, Clifford (with Ursula Bygott, and Peter Chippendale), Australia's First: A History of the University of Sydney Volume 1850-1939 (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1991) aims of the University of Sydney” Speech by W.C. Wentworth on University of Sydney, Bill in the Legislative Council of New South Wales, Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney: Fairfax October 1849) p.11 The Bulletin, No March 1891 Sydney Morning Herald” The Sydney Morning Herald” (Sydney: Fairfax March 1900), p.4 The University of Sydney One Hundred Years of the Faculty of Arts (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1952) University of Australia”, Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney: Fairfax June 1904), p.12 Littlejohn, G.S. [...]
[...] This conflicting process to get a Faculty of Economics and Commerce reflected divergences from the economic interests of the country at the time. Some pretended New South Wales were better to be agricultural whereas others were favourable to an evolution of the society into a society that focused more on business. As a matter of facts, Sydney has always been a place of trade since in creation in 1788. Furthermore, it was in a period of transition between the end of the transportation of the convicts in 1840 and the installation of the railway and the discovery of Gold near Bathurst in 1851. [...]
[...] Liberal Education and Useful Knowledge: A Brief History of the University of Sydney 1850-2000. (Sydney: The Chancellor's Committee, The University of Sydney: 2002) Wotherspoon, G. ‘Sydney Interest' and the Rail 1860-1900' in Nineteenth Century Sydney: Essays in Urban History Max Kelly (ed.). (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1978) Appendix The evolution of the population going from rural to urban areas POPULATION OF THE CAPITAL CITIES, 1851-1901 Figures in thousands Percentages a proportion of each State's population Melbourne Sydney Adelaide Brisbane Perth Hobart development 1860-1890 (Sydney: Reed Education, 1972), p Appendix Sectoral shares in gross domestic product (percentage based on constant prices) Source: Butlin, N.G. [...]
[...] In addition to make a distinction among social classes, and the kinds of courses taught at the University, another distinction concerned gender. By order of the Senate, women were legitimately admitted in the University in the colony of the New South Wales in 1881, even if no law had previously officially prevented them from being accepted. Moreover, in the continuity of their growing power in society, they benefited of a residence on the campus in 1892: the Women's College. That was also a great improvement even if St Paul's College had been erected since 1852 for men. [...]
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