Although Spain is our closest neighbor, we notice that in the education sector, we have many differences. Even if this country is knows for parties or corridas, we may find several very famous universities such as the universities of Madrid, Bilbao, Alicante, and Barcelona. In fact, in the ranking of the top 100 European universities, Spain is between the 57th and the 78th place with the University of Barcelona. We have chosen this country because we notice an important trend of students taking an interest in studying in Spain. It thus seemed important to us to know more about its higher education system, so as to explain this phenomenon. In the first part, we will present the structure and the organization of the Spanish higher education system. We will then deal with the different degrees and diplomas obtainable in Spain. In the third part, we will speak about the Spanish recruitment system, and to conclude, we will introduce you two of the most famous Spanish universities. Moreover, we will illustrate our work by the most important differences between French and Spanish systems.
[...] To know more about the different diplomas, report you on the annexe. Spanish system French system Selection is made in all the Selection is just made in few establishments universities Universities are autonomous In this moment, universities are Time to obtain a diploma is very not autonomous long, for example the bachelor Time to obtain a diploma is less degree is during 4 or 5 years important than in Spain, for Spain don't have short cycles in example the bachelor degree is two years during 3 years Two years study are numerous in France Third part: the spanish recruitment system Entrance Requirements As in all countries, the Spanish education system has its levels of education required for entrance into university but this depends largely upon what subjects you wish to study and works along the lines of a system of points. [...]
[...] In fact, universities in spain are autonomous that's why a selection is made at the beginnning in order that the best and motivated students are accepted. - Second, we also find in Spain private universities where the bachillerato is also required in addition to an entrance exam. Obviously, this sort of study is more expensive than studies in a public university. - Third, it also exists in Spain religious universities, where students can follow normal studies but they have to go at messes and follow religious courses. Public universities are more important in Spain, we recense 5O of it. [...]
[...] The main difference is just that this diploma is prepared in France in 3 years after the baccalaurate whereas in Spain it is prepared in 4 or 5 years. ▪ “doctorado” which is the equivalent of a doctorate but t iis prepared in more years than in France. In fact, to obtain this diplomas, the level of the studies is about 7 or 8 years. The others establishments ▪ Private linked centers which deliver official diplomas thanks to a convention signed with the universities. We notice 30 of it in the country of Spain. ▪ Foreign centers, there are only 15. [...]
[...] The numbers of Spanish universities had increased, as had the output in research. However, the quality of teaching and the recruitment of teaching staff have not attained the levels sought by the reforms of 1983. Little progress has also been made in the course of study programs and curricula. While there have been some changes, the organization of courses into a system of credits, greater choice in electives and the division of the academic year into semesters, tradition modes of instruction based on lecture format teaching and note learning by students has not changed. [...]
[...] Moreover, concerning the autonomous communities, they have the role: o To manage and regulate the university system on their territory, o To plan the financing and the services offered by the universities on their territory, o To supplement the purses and subsidies, o To decide creation or removal of the universities on their territory II) Evolution's consequences Demographic and political changes during the 1960s and 1970s stimulated the calls for more autonomy in Spanish universities. First, there was an enormous growth of students in Spanish universities. From 1960 to 1970, the student population in Spanish universities grew from 76,000 to 213,000. The student population grew, however, the basic structure of the universities did not grow. Students experienced over crowding and were taught by following outdated and outmoded curricula teaching methods. [...]
using our reader.