Through analyzing and comparing others' research, history of Chinese and British higher educational systems, and the current situation of the two systems, we can find that there are four major parts we can learn from British higher education, including improve transparency, enhance relevant study, free movement and access to the best possible education for students and change some methods of teaching and learning activities. Some of these parts can be related to cultural differences. Changing culture needs time.
The purpose of higher education, which originated in the Middle Ages (Song Wenhong 2005), is spreading knowledge and providing trainings to important industries. Universities have become very significant institutions in creating and spreading knowledge. Universities are not only the birthplace of many basic sciences, but also play an important role in providing training for an increasing number of majors. The UK higher education originated 700 years ago. It encompasses of the complete range of things to offer like world class research universities to specialist conservatoires and colleges of art and design. The sector has attracted considerable, long-standing, world-wide respect; and a large number of UK institutions have established pre-eminent positions in their specialist fields against prominent international competitors (See National Mentoring Scheme 2005).
[...] And China is a high power distance culture, teachers need to be respect and show their higher position than students, that they usually teaching in front of the classroom Tutor system Tutor system in the UK has a very long history. From students entered into the university, university will arrange a tutor according the student's major and level. The tutor who is designated to the student will contact to him very frequently, by appointments, e-mails, telephone, etc. In this way, the tutor can give the student clear, direct, detailed and effective guidiance. [...]
[...] Credit transfer system enables students to move between courses and universities freely which can give students a choice to decide what course or university suit them best Credit accumulation and transfer systems in the UK Through accumulating credits to obtain a degree in the UK, the creation of small units of knowledge and the almost infinite number of ways in which they can be assembled encourages analysis of the scope and nature of knowledge in any discipline, its relationship to other disciplines and sub- disciplines, and the ways in which this knowledge can best be acquired and its levels of attainment assessed (Bahram Bekhradnia 2004, 31). [...]
[...] Nevertheless, no matter how much the differentiation is, record the attendance rate and evaluate it as an essential part of the course's credit has been accept by a large amount of universities' regulation Lessons should learn from the British higher educational system There are many advantages of Credit Accumulation system which students can benefit from, including saving time, life-long learning, widen- participation, reduced failure and free movement of people. Saving time, it means it is possible for students to achieve required credits and acquire scholarship of a 4-year bachelor degree in 3 years, life-long learning which means credit accumulation system allows students to break the continuity of study, they can stop and continue their study according to their needs and special situations, they can undertake their study whenever they would like; widening of participation, just like life-long learning. [...]
[...] (See Quality Assurance Agency website and Zhen Zhang, Yuan Gao and Meili Qiao 2006: 127-129) 6.2 The advantages of Quality Assurance Agency of higher education in the UK The way of QAA executed to review the quality and standard of higher education in the UK is having a lot of advantages: a. The overall thinking makes the way it executed is having less limitations. In the UK, there are over 100 universities. They are in different standard and quality. It is difficult for them to achieve a same level. [...]
[...] Since China and UK share some concepts in some areas, learning about higher education in the UK and then develops the reform of Chinese higher educational system can be seen a good way to find remedies suit Chinese current system. Lots of academics have already researched the differences between Chinese and British higher education. Most of them are focus on only one area of higher education or one specific characteristic of higher education, such as: what can China learn from QAA in the UK? [...]
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