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Airline and pilot safety

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  1. Introduction
    1. Background
    2. Problem statement
    3. Objectives
    4. Research hypotheses
    5. Research implications
  2. Literature reviews
    1. Human factors
    2. Organizational culture
    3. Safety culture
  3. Methodology
    1. Data collection
    2. Study population
    3. Data
    4. Data analysis and interpretation
  4. Discussion
    1. Safety programs
    2. Human factors
    3. Safety systems

Safety has consistently been one of the primary concerns in the aviation industry. The crucial nature of safety in this sector is accentuated by the fact that most airplane accidents result in catastrophic loss of life. Such accidents also lead to incurrence of significant costs in terms of complete plane destruction and PR damage control, as a result of the public's backlash and accompanying damage of airline reputation. Given the devastating potential of lack of safety in the aviation and aerospace industry, it is irrefutable that airline and pilot welfare should be prioritized.

[...] In addition, a larger proportion of air passengers insist that, advanced technology that allows pilots and first officers to navigate aircraft on autopilot has fostered a culture of slackness, thus negating safety performance. The indirect relationship between these measures and positive performance shows that, they must be countered in order to foster a positive safety culture that does not go contrary to passengers' safety needs Objective Human Factors 1 Unsafe acts Unsafe acts are usually actions that are committed by the pilots and aircrew in general, which violates the normal aspects of the rules and regulations. These unsafe act are mainly classifies into violations and errors. [...]

[...] Additionally, the supervisors and other investigators usually work under organization. This means that they are either afraid of whistle blowing or do not have the necessary authority to report their findings and endanger their work. It is therefore, imperative to note that organizational failures revolve around issues of poor management, operational procedures as well as the organization's working environment. Poor management of resources usually has a grasp on maintenance, resource allocation and human resource. This means that staffing, selection as well as training can lead to failure of an organization. [...]

[...] Taylor (2010) further stresses the point that analyzing various employees' beliefs and perceptions concerning safety in their company. Emphasis on these elements is justifiable, since it is the link between beliefs and actual employee behaviors that make it possible to understand the extant safety culture and reasoning behind worker's safety practices and related habits Safety Culture Safety culture is a derivative of organizational culture detailed in the preceding section. Piers, Montijn, and Balk (2009) define safety culture as a combination of lasting attitudes and values among members of a given organizations concerning safety issues. [...]

[...] Excessive wear and tear of such equipment may result in major incidents or accidents Chen, & Li, 2008). Finally, in regard to accident investigation, an airline may have restrictive policies in an attempt to avoid blame when accidents occur. In such cases, comprehensive investigation may not be possible. This implies that if a causative factor of an accident repeats itself in future, there could be no mitigation measure in place. An airline's climate and operation processes are, therefore, pertinent to causation and/or prevention of aviation incidents and accidents Organizational Culture Research into the contemporary business environment is increasingly taking into account the importance of organizational culture. [...]

[...] Human factors require more concentration unlike other safety measure in aviation. Nevertheless, there are numerous researches being conducted in order to properly deal with human factors like management of crew members, errors and threat management Unsafe Supervision It is evident that, aircrews are supposed to be responsible for every action they take and therefore should be accountable for their actions. However, sometimes these mistakes are passed on to them from their supervisors. This means that unwittingly inherit failures done or evoked by their superiors (Reason, 1990). [...]

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