This work focuses on the tourism development in Turkey. It is a country that is "friendly, handsome, with a rich culture and not at all expensive". It is a country that is modern enough to be comfortable but still traditional, and therefore interesting to analyze.
As part of this analysis, the author first consulted the websites of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey and one of the Tourist Offices in the hope of finding statistical and economic data. These web sites had data regarding the promotion of tourism in Turkey.
Located at the junction of two continents, Asia and Europe, and in a place where three continents, Asia, Africa and Europe are closest, Turkey is an attractive tourist attraction due to its history, art and culture, cuisine, climate, wildlife, terrain, etc
Dating back over 25,000 years, this land has played host to many communities, cultures (Hittite, Greek, Roman, Ottoman etc) and religions and still bears their imprint. Turkey being 98% Muslim country is one of the top 10 destinations in the world hosting more than 23 million tourists a year, including 15 million in Istanbul.
With an area of 814,578 km2, of which 790 200 km is in Asia and 24 378 km in Europe, Turkey has two European and six Asian countries such as neighboring Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia, has coastlines on the edge of 4 seas, the Black Sea, Marmara Sea, Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea with a total length of 8000 km.
Turkey earns close to 14 billion dollars in tourism revenues alone. There are 1 million hotel beds of which 350 000 are in Istanbul, 500000 spread across the various resorts. Three dozen are mainly located around the Mediterranean and Antalya, the leading destination.
Turkey has had 30 000 seats, 20,000 cars, 6,800 buses and 4,500 mini buses with 27 seats for tourist transport on land. A strong federation of travel agents has 4500 tour operators. Istanbul airport, with its capacity of 18 million passengers per year receives 32 aircrafts per hour.
In Turkey the development of tourism aimed at the reduction of gross inequalities between different regions of the country, creates new jobs and provides more opportunity for holidays to the Turkish population. This beginning has generated a new dynamism and improvements in physical and social infrastructure including locals and tourists have benefited from both.
Besides the creation of new infrastructure, new jobs and additional revenue, tourism activity in these regions has also created new players (local organizations, voluntary associations, guides, local government, municipal unions etc) disposed and able to cooperate with the central government.
The Ministry of Tourism is the largest organization linked to tourism in this period and has engaged in planning, licensing and standardization of tourism facilities, monitoring of existing facilities, pricing of rooms for hotels and restaurant menus, opening training centers for skilled personnel.
Additional responsibilities was the promotion of Turkish tourism as a product by opening offices in the country and abroad and encouraging the establishment of professional organizations, such as unions for travel agents, hoteliers and travel guides.
Tags: Turkey, top tourist destination, tourism as main economy of country
[...] TUI - owner of 50% of capital - completed 940,000 U.S. dollars (source World Bank News October 1986). In May 1991they opened a new TUI Robinson Club Lykia, near Fethiye, just a year after the opening of the Club's Lodge Cappadocia, in the famous mountains of Anatolia. The largest tourism investment project in Turkey is located at the east of Antalya to Side, near the town of Belek, where the construction of 36 hotels with a capacity of beds and six golf courses were planned in 1994. [...]
[...] Hotel Association of Turkey aimed to introduce professional standards, facilitate price stability, to collaborate with national and international tourism organizations; 5. The Association of Tourism Investors Turkish had the primary purpose of collecting the companies and individual investors, coordinate their activities and act as a lobby group for the sake of tourism; 6. Education Foundation and tourism development, non-profit organization founded in 1985 by the representative of industry sectors and academic institutions is proposed to conduct research in order to develop new training programs, improve existing ones and collaborate with national and international organizations for the promotion of tourism. [...]
[...] In 1981 Dalaman airport was opened, allowing an easier development along the south and west coasts. Airports of Istanbul and Antalya were also enlarged. Conclusion In this project we could see that the development of tourism is fairly subjective, determined and influenced by the political, economic and social national and regional level as well as the product or offer in connection with local global supply. The same way the diversity of the range of stakeholders and project size is shown. References 1. [...]
[...] Table 1 Year Foreign % Growth rate Tourist Exchange rate tourists (calculated by spending annual% year) Turkish tourists abroad In the absence of other information relating to tourist departures Turks abroad The table below shows that the Turkish residents in Turkey began to travel abroad in 2004 (or at least from 2004 we began collecting such data) without strong growth during this period of 5 years. The number of Turkish tourists abroad represents only of international arrivals in Turkey in 2008. Table 2 Distribution of Turkish Citizens Travelling Abroad by Years Years The Number of Turkish The Number of TC Citizens Citizens (Resident in Going Abroad Turkey) (Including TC Citizens Abroad Who Resident IN) Major markets Most foreign tourists in Turkey are interested either in geographical proximity or historic ties with the country or political. [...]
[...] The statistics also show that more than half of foreign tourists have average incomes ( 67.34 have high income and low income (diagram 1). Graph 1 Table 3 Western Europe x1000 20 08 x1000 (X1000) Year 1992 1,993 1994 1,995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 Accommodations 67882 79864 84171 89629 96904 140119 142074 146201 151320 161207 Restaurant º 150592 69853 AV and transport Indirect jobs (1000) 993.12 1067.21 1054.53 1141.37 1,337 1463.1 1518.22 1513.9 1511.68 4. Major stages of tourism development In Turkey, the development of tourism aimed at the reduction of gross inequalities between different regions of the country, create new jobs and provide more opportunities holiday to the Turkish population and its beginning has created a new dynamism and improvements in social and physical infrastructure including locals and tourists enjoyed both. [...]
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