Islamism and nationalism are apparently contradictory terms. One suggests the existence of solidarity is based on religion and faith. In case of Islam it is the "community of believers," the "ummah" which refers to another part of the nation state. This is a recent concept which presupposes the existence of a state as a modern regulator, which is indifferent to communalism. Thus the terms are not necessarily contradictory.
[...] It is a secular institution par excellence which is also the guarantor of the constitution as in the case of Nasser's Egypt. It is a huge success as it combines modernity and its symbols and places them below the religious tradition by not hesitating to compete with states deemed religious in their own countries such as Yemen and Saudi Arabia. The Baath Party in Syria and Iraq used the same logic that drove the willingness for Reform in Iran. In Saudi Arabia, the rapid modernization of the country was forced by a collaboration of the monks who were compelled to accept the presence on their territory of Western frameworks and capital. [...]
[...] III - Islamism is built on the failure of nationalism and a reaction against the West a. Contemporary Islamism is the bitter fruit of failure of nationalism Nationalism had built its success on the promise of better days did not come as much for political reasons (corruption), as for economic (growth rate sufficient to escape poverty), and demographic (birth rate exceeds the rate of significant growth) ones. Today, there is a need to create 6 million jobs per year for 15 years, in order to ensure employment for the youth. [...]
[...] The most radical Islamists intend to punish the West for its crimes by targeting its opponents namely America, America's Western allies, and other regimes accused of cooperating with "the great Satan" in its attacks in Saudi Arabia and Turkey. IV-Islamism will be judged by history a. The Islamic regimes, when in power, are contested There are few examples of Islamic regimes but the case of Iran is symptomatic. The Iranian regime has certainly allowed some redistribution that did not exist under the Shah, but this redistribution will soon be questioned. [...]
[...] In choosing confrontation, Islamism may cut the Middle East from the West without realizing any benefits The violence of Islamist movements in the West raises a profound misunderstanding, intolerance and enhanced accumulation of grievances whose effects are not yet felt. This new mindset has led Western governments to take measures to protect themselves from unimaginable atrocities a few years ago. The mistrust vis-à-vis Islam and Muslim communities has become the rule. In is unclear whether the cartoons of Muhammad, however, difficult to defend, have turned this opinion in favor of the Muslim world. [...]
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