This document outlines the history of Christianity and how it was linked with Judaism in its early years and evolved subsequently as an independent religion. Although religious practice has tended to decline today, Christianity, as a religion came into existence in Palestine 2000 years ago and still permeates our very civilization. There were monotheistic religions or religions that followed one God such as Judaism and Islam. Christianity is a fundamental religion to Western civilization and is often called Judeo-Christian. Let us analyze the similarities and differences between Christianity and Judaism and the ways and means by which Christianity, became popular.
[...] They spoke Greek, Latin, Aramaic (language of Jesus) and Hebrew. In Palestine itself, the Jews of Judea despise those of Samaria and Galilee because they were in contact with the goyim or the non-Jews. Within the Jewish sects (communities with particular beliefs, often living on the margins) are numerous sub sects as follows. The Sadducees: they were an aristocratic caste and were moderate, seeking to agree with the Romans. The Baptists: this was a ritual purifying practice in the Jordan. [...]
[...] They called for the spread of non-violence, brotherhood and generosity without limits. The four Gospels and a few other texts which were the "Acts of the Apostles", "Apocalypse" and "Epistles" was the "New Testament". The Old and New Testaments together comprise the Bible. The apostles and the evangelization of the empire A Jewish religion or a universal religion? It is a belief that during the resurrection in Jerusalem, the community of believers was brought together. This community, which still resembled a Jewish sect was quickly rejected and persecuted by other Jews, especially because the Christian message is universal and not restricted to only "chosen people". [...]
[...] Rome, capital of the Empire, where the martyrs were buried gave the bishop a special authority, and he became the father or pope. Christian rites Following the structuring of the religion, rites and ceremonies were gradually organized. On Sundays, the faithful assembled under the leadership of the clergy in a house that was indistinguishable from others in order to celebrate the Eucharist (commemorating the Last Supper), sing hymns to the glory of God, recite the Father" prayer and exchange a kiss of peace which ensured the cohesion of the community. [...]
[...] In fact, Constantine sees the dynamism of Christianity as a way to strengthen the empire and consolidate his power. He was the first emperor to convert. Christianity becomes official religion of the Empire The conversion of Constantine marked a turning point. The pagan temples were converted into a church, Sunday was declared a public holiday and intolerance now afflicted those who were not Christians. The Christians gradually gained access to positions of command. The Emperor Theodosius adopted a series of laws to abolish paganism and Christianity was declared the official religion of the empire, and the emperor is the representative of God on earth. [...]
[...] Paul, the Apostle of the Gentiles, was the architect of this decision and it was through him that Christianity was spreading beyond the Jewish world. An organized community The early Christians gathered in assemblies from the Greek Ecclesia Church led by elders and priests. They practiced communion (sharing bread and wine commemorating the Last Supper), recited the "Our Father" prayer taught by Jesus on Sundays (which was the day of resurrection). Those who join the community were marked by the rite of baptism. [...]
using our reader.