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17 May 2007

Book Report: Romantics, Rebels & Reactionaries by Marilyn Butler

Book review - 7 pages - Literature

Offering a precise and coherent definition of artistic movements has always been a tempting prospect for whoever seeks to make sense out of our historical and cultural background. One has to confess, that it is equally tempting to approach the Romantic period in an attempt to set fixed...

17 May 2007

The Magazine Press in Britain

Tutorials/exercises - 4 pages - Literature

The British are often imagined as newspaper addicts impatiently waiting for the postman to deliver their paper on Sunday morning. Yet, it would be wrong to believe that they do not share a similar interest for the booming world of the magazine press. As we will see, the magazines sector in...

17 May 2007

Book Report : "Reflections on the Revolution in France" By Edmund Burke

Book review - 3 pages - Literature

When the writer and politician Edmund Burke published his Reflections on the Revolution in France in 1790, Britain was particularly focused on what had just happened on the other side of the Channel. At a time when radical societies were emerging in Britain and dissenters were about to claim new...

10 May 2007

Unger's Views on Skepticism and Certainty

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Peter Unger applies a unique approach to skepticism. In his essay, “An Argument for Skepticism”, he endorses the concept by insisting that if one is not a skeptic, he/she must be (more or less) dogmatic. The way in which he supports this is by attempting to prove that...

10 May 2007

Jane Eyre's Preservation of Self

Essay - 2 pages - Literature

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë is a novel that focuses heavily on the protagonist's sense of self-respect and her insistence on remaining true to her principles and standards despite all odds. One of the most fundamental aspects of Jane's character is her refusal to sacrifice her own...

10 May 2007

The Presence of Walt Whitman in "A Supermarket in California"

Essay - 2 pages - Literature

Allen Ginsberg's poem “A Supermarket in California” is a vivid depiction of the contrast between a lighted, populated American supermarket and the dark, solitary streets outside; a contrast between the youthful American generation and the aged, solitary Walt Whitman who is contained...

10 May 2007

Cesario and Homosexuality in The Twelfth Night

Essay - 2 pages - Literature

Found within William Shakespeare's play The Twelfth Night are many aspects of irony that contribute to its comical nature. In particular, the character Cesario, whose actor is veiled under two layers of falsity, is interesting not only because of the humor that surrounds him, but because...

10 May 2007

Hilary Putnam on Realism and Relativism

Thesis - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Perhaps one of the most widely and longest-held issues that have been debated in the study of philosophy, is that of the dispute over the way in which we as humans can accurately describe the external world with regards to our everyday lives. Philosophers range in opinion from a view in...

07 May 2007

Divine Flaws

Thesis - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The question of whether gods are capable of being flawed has long preoccupied theologists and philosophers alike. The mythological deities of the ancient Greek pantheon possessed a myriad of humanistic attributes, including a wide range of notable character flaws; Zeus, of course,...

03 May 2007

Homer's epic poem, The Iliad

Essay - 3 pages - Literature

Homer's epic poem, The Iliad, creates two very distinct heroic figures: Achilles and Hektor. These men come from different backgrounds and have different reasons for fighting in the Trojan War; Achilles fights for honor, whereas Hektor fights to defend his city, and yet both know that if...

03 May 2007

The Road to the Good Life?

Thesis - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Today, when people use the word stoic, they often are not referring to the philosophical tradition, but to a type of person who does not show much outward emotion, someone who is strong in the face of tragedy or pain. However, in a culture in which we are encouraged to express our...

03 May 2007

The Two Theban Tragedies: Antigone and Oedipus the King

Thesis - 2 pages - Literature

Greek tragedies all possess a common trait: the protagonist displays a tragic flaw, which ultimately leads to his or her downfall. In the two Theban tragedies, Antigone and Oedipus the King, Creon's tragic flaw is immoderation, while Oedipus' unwillingness to accept his fate causes his...

03 May 2007

A Defense of the Capabilities Approach

Essay - 8 pages - Humanities/philosophy

There is no country in the world where women are treated equally to men. Women are consistently fed less than men, given fewer educational opportunities, and fewer freedoms. Situations in developing countries are often more overtly detrimental to women, for example in India, it is...

24 Apr 2007

Butterfly or Bumblebee?: The Sting of Satire in The Importance of Being Earnest

Thesis - 5 pages - Literature

Oscar Wilde said that his play, The Importance of Being Earnest, subtitled “A Serious Comedy for Trivial People” was “written by a butterfly for butterflies” (qtd. in Stokes 115). Although this statement may be true, the subject of the play itself, while treated in a...

24 Apr 2007

The Enlightenment of Sir Gawain

Thesis - 6 pages - Literature

In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Sir Gawain is a model knight in all things material; he excels in his physical prowess as well as the arts of conversation and courtly love. Although he also exhibits outward signs of devotion and piety, his spirituality is called into question through...

24 Apr 2007

King Mongkut: Man, Myth, and Misrepresentation

Essay - 6 pages - Literature

Fewer stories of a Western encounter with the “Other” have been more popular than that of the English governess Anna Leonowens and King Mongkut (Rama IV) of Siam, now Thailand. The fascination began with the two books written by Anna herself, The English Governess at the Siamese...

24 Apr 2007

Transcending the Fallacy of the Binary Through Ambivalence

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

A thought process that appears to be common to all humans is that of setting up binaries. It is a tendency that exists across cultures and since “the beginning of time.” This may be because it is easier to define what something is not than what it actually is. The...

24 Apr 2007

Alatiel and Helen: War Caused by Beauty?

Thesis - 7 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Few storylines are more familiar than that of the woman so beautiful that men cannot resist her and will stop short of nothing, even murder or treachery, to possess her. The most famous of these women is of course, Helen, with “the face that launched a thousand ships,” many of...

24 Apr 2007

The Problematic Third Speech of the Phaedrus and Ficino's Neoplatonic Reinterpretation

Thesis - 7 pages - Humanities/philosophy

There has been much scholarly debate concerning the relative merit of the three speeches in Plato's Phaedrus; the third speech, in particular, is much contested. While the first two speeches are undeniably mired in self-contradiction and materialism, the third speech, though mythical in...

11 Apr 2007

What are the differences between Locke's and Hobbes' notions of the "state of nature"? - published: 11/04/2007

Essay - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are probably the most famous political thinkers of the 17th century. The generally accepted view asserts that these authors stood poles apart, the first one advocating an absolutist regime and the latter recommending a stable civil society where powers are separated....

05 Apr 2007

How (if at all) do you know that you are not a brain in a vat?

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Our whole life (attitudes, reactions, actions) is based on knowledge. Depending on our present state of knowledge, we are going to react to different situations in different ways, give different answers to different questions. To do that however, one has to know something. Even though we do not...

09 Mar 2007

Treatment of time in Virginia Woolf's Work

Thesis - 4 pages - Literature

In her novel "Orlando: a Biography" published in 1927, Virginia Woolf evokes 'the extraordinary discrepancy between time on the clock and time in the mind' (Orlando p.91) and the opposition she expresses between this two conceptions of time is to be found, more or less obviously, in most...

08 Mar 2007

"Araby", James Joyce

Book review - 8 pages - Literature

This short story was written by James Joyce who lived from 1882 to 1941; it is an extract from Dubliners, published in 1914. The book is compound with several short stories which take place in Dublin, and deal with the monotone life of some citizens. The text is entitled "Araby" and tells the...

23 Nov 2006

Comment from the essay "Culture and anarchy" written by Matthew Arnold published in 1869

Book review - 3 pages - Literature

Matthew Arnold, in his philosophical essay Culture and Anarchy, published in 1869, exposes his view of culture in a generally way, that is to say, that this view could and should be applied to any society or any group of men on the earth. He wrote it at a time where Bentham's Utilitarianism was...

23 Nov 2006

Margaret Drabble, "The Millstone": part of the « Angry Young Men » movement?

Essay - 4 pages - Literature

Margaret Drabble is a writer who was often assimilated to what is called the ‘Angry Young Men' literary movement. But, as a lot of those writers of the 1950s who were put into the same category, she never claimed being fully part of this movement - all the more so since the term of «...

17 Oct 2006

Swinging London - 1963-1967

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The Sixties are usually seen as a period of joy and optimism, especially in England, where they take place between two tougher periods of British history. The Fifties had indeed been quite difficult in the United Kingdom, socially and economically speaking. And during the Seventies, many problems...

10 Oct 2006

Orwell said in an essay titled Why I write : "It is my purpose to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole." How far does Orwell achieve this in 1984 ? - published: 10/10/2006

Book review - 4 pages - Literature

Let us remember that, at the end of 1936, Orwell fought for the Republicans (against Franco) in Spain, where he was wounded. We know that Orwell's 1984 (published in 1949) was given this title because the novel was written in 1948, just after the end of the Second World War and the fall...

27 Sep 2006

The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison

Essay - 8 pages - Literature

The Bluest Eye contains a number of autobiographical elements. It is set in the town where Morrison grew up (Lorain), and it is told from the point of view of a nine-year-old girl, the age Morrison would have been the year the novel takes place (1941). Like the MacTeer family, Morrison's family...

18 Aug 2006

The Nineteenth Century's Middle Ages: Representation of the Middle Ages through nineteenth century novels or arts

Essay - 3 pages - Literature

Henry Adams, Mont Saint-Michel and Chartres (1913). In Mont Saint-Michel and Chartres, Henry Adams depicts several well-known monuments and old sights of France, all of which were built during the Middle Ages. In this book, published in 1913, Adams comments on those monuments as...

27 Jul 2006

Music, emotion and Zipf's law

Essay - 59 pages - Linguistics

The hypothesis of Zipf concerning a universal Principle of Least Effort, manifesting itself in Zipf 's law and modeled by Ferrer i Cancho and Sol´e in a signal-object reference matrix,...