The Amazon Rain forest is split between nine nations, with more then half of it in Brazil. The whole Rain forest covers five and a half million square kilometers and represents more then half of all the rain forests on earth. It is estimated that its age would be at least 55 million years and that it was formed in the Eocene era. Each Rain forest on Earth is different from others and contains different species, plants, climate and ecosystem. Amazon Rain forest is one of the biggest natural resources, it is estimated that 20% of all oxygen is produced from its vegetation. Today rain forests cover around 6% of world's land, which is only half from what it used to be before.
The Amazon is the largest river basin and is one of the main sources of fresh water.
[...] Many migrants were encouraged to settle in the Amazon region, and took their farming methods along with them from other regions of Brazil, which were suited to other soils and climates, but inadequate for the Amazon region. Land productivity in the Amazon usually falls sharply after three years, which ends up forcing migrants to shift to other areas, where the deforestation, forest burning and crop growing cycle is repeated, alongside soil degradation processes. Soybean farming and cattle ranching are among the most acute causes of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. [...]
[...] While not as major a problem as the conversion of jungle to farmland, wood exploitation, or hydroelectricity, gold mining has posed a serious environmental pollution threat in the Amazon Rainforest environment. When gold is mined in Brazil, it is separated through the use of mercury into valuable metal. As a result of the use of mercury, the soil, air, and water in certain regions of Brazil have become heavily polluted with mercury, and the surrounding environment suffers as plants and animals are poisoned. [...]
[...] Local inhabitants depend on the rainforest for their survival and until other means become available, will continue to use the forest for immediate gratification in a non-renewable fashion Solutions to save Amazon Rainforest and the problem of its degradation are both economic, that's why the Brazilian government needs to get more involved, thus helping the locals to make money of other possible incomes other then lodging and such that hurts the rainforest ecosystem. It needs to get protected against harvesting of forest [...]
[...] Another option that could be implemented to lessen the negative impact on the environment in the Amazon is the use of alternative materials instead of traditional wood resources. The alternatives include recycled or reclaimed lumber, composite lumber, and non-wood choices. Recycled and reclaimed lumber is wood claimed from old houses, railroad tracks, and other sources that can be used in the construction industry, in turn taking the burden off of world forests. Composite lumbers are made of recycled plastics and wood. [...]
[...] The Amazon Basin is the largest river basin in the world, covering close to 2.2 million square miles. The Amazon River, the second longest river in the world after the Nile; stretches 4,000 miles across South America to the Atlantic Ocean, where it discharges approximately 46,000 gallons per second, or 20 percent of the combined discharge of all rivers on Earth. New York could be supplied for nine years with the amount of Amazons freshwater, which discharges into the Atlantic in a day. [...]
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