Picture this: You open your tap in the morning to brush your teeth, and all that you get is the sound of air! Though it sounds exaggerated at the moment, plenty of households throughout the world will face this crisis in the years to come. Often touted as the liquid gold, water is the most essential resource to mankind. With an increase in the population and deforestation levels, water has become extremely an important resource for conservation. Though this hot topic has been doing the rounds across several boardrooms and textbooks, a lot still needs to be done on the ground level to maintain the ground water levels.
[...] The need to conserve water is often understated in practice; though on paper it may appear as a high priority topic Global Warming The recent and the most hyped phenomenon that affects water levels and climate change is global warming. It is creating chaos in the climatic conditions world over and has resulted in altered precipitation patterns and distorted the annual ebb and flow of the water resources. While there are more droughts in some regions, there is excessive flooding in others, thus making weather patterns unpredictable. [...]
[...] As a result, conflicts have arisen on the use of water patterns. Earlier, droughts and the linkage of water supply for agriculture and livelihood were linked to the western regions. Later, these spread over and have expanded beyond Western states and now represent a national crisis. The eastern regions were traditionally self sufficient with regard to water. It is in the western zone that construction of dams and canals were initialed to transport the water for irrigation purposes. As years passed, water began to be used for various commercial purposes as well and it became prohibitively expensive. [...]
[...] Thus, water is placed almost on to the ground, instead of spreading over a large area, and there is very less loss of water. The trickle irrigation technique is used by farmers while planting vegetables, grapes and berries that need constant watering. Lack of moisture in these crops may lead to a poor harvest. Conclusion We need to understand the seriousness of the water crisis that is currently underway. Farmers, ranchers and rural communities are primarily susceptible to the crisis. [...]
[...] You can invest in a ULF (ultra-low flush) toilet which will use only 2 gpf. Or install a simple tank bank, costing about which will save .8 gpf. This saves 40% of what you would save with the ULF toilet. According to a World Bank study on water conservation, the following is the ideal water conservation technique.6 Public awareness must be created by explaining water conservation practices, implementing a public information program and by intensifying conservation efforts. Voluntary measures include encouraging restrictions on use, conducting water audits, and implementing conservation-elated rate structures. [...]
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