While globalization makes trade easier, it also makes illegal trafficking easier. As a global trade power, the EU has to against the limiting negative effects of liberalization, especially in the WMD domain. The question we must answer at the outset is: what are Weapons of Mass Destructions? Though the concept seems fuzzy, the WMD are, in actuality, are clearly defined. WMD include nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. While on the one hand, these weapons do not necessarily cause mass destruction, especially in the chemical domain; on the other, massive harm can be caused by others means (radiological weapons?). On the global scene, WMD control has become a paradigm. Though a majority of states have limited their arsenal, some small countries have continued to develop a proliferation program, and supra national countries are seeing an increase of such arms. What is the EU Strategy to deal with this threat? The European agreements on WMD are not recent; but they have never been so ambitious.
[...] The main functions of this Personal Representative are to co-ordinate synergies of politic actors and develop coherently the EU Strategy on WMD. Every 6 months, the implementation of the EU Strategy is discussed by the External Relations Council. Indeed, the issues of the WMD destruction are fundamental: the policy impacts must be followed regularly. The European Strategy is a typical European policy. It is deeply implanted in the heritage of the European Multilateralism. The European Strategy is based on diplomatic, lawful and legal methods that are to say on democratic measures. [...]
[...] Whereas the European Security Approach considers a variety of security challenges, the USA more inclined to see more specific challenges based on recent history” according to Simon DUKE. For example, we can read in the introduction of the “National Strategy to combat that U.S. approach to combat WMD represents a fundamental change from the past”. The American point of view is stared on the post 9/11 period whereas the European Strategy plans to be universal and timeless. The EU is clearly opposed to the proliferation of WMD. But what are the instruments used by the EU to achieve this policy? [...]
[...] The objectives of the European Strategy are the results of a mix between global considerations and structural imperatives If the European Strategy promotes WMD non-proliferation * The EU is clearly opposed to the WMD proliferation. The EU considers the proliferation of WMD as a growing threat for international security. The main objective of the EU Strategy is to avoid that a State or a supra national organization possess and use WMD. * The EU favors pre emptive measures. Facing this situation, European Union cannot ignore the dangers' (E. [...]
[...] * The promotion of the European Strategy within the EU's agreements. Since 2003, the EU has included a clause of non proliferation in its agreement. Hence, when the EU negotiates a trade or a financial treaty, it inserts clauses requiring an effective action against non- proliferation. For example, according to the Euro Mediterranean Association Agreement between the EC and the Syria Arab Republic, parties agree to co- operate and to contribute to countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, nuclear, biological and chemical through full compliance with their existing obligations under international disarmament and non-proliferation treaties [ ] The Parties agree that this provision constitutes an essential element of this Agreement.” Another clause of non proliferation has been included in the revised EU-ACP agreement (or Cotonou Agreement) in June 2005 between 78 countries and the EU. [...]
[...] The European Strategy is based on the universalization and the respect of the international treaties. * The EU sustains the International Agreements. In the European's view, the solution of WMD proliferation must be a global agreement based on consensus. Consequently, the basis of the EU action is the promotion of legal regulation and multilateral treaties. The Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT). It has been concluded in 1968 and all the States Members adopted it. This treaty bans the possession of nuclear Weapons except for the 5 countries which tested weapons before 1968 and forbids the transfer of weapon-related materials. [...]
using our reader.