Development, framework, colonial development, colonization, Great Britain, colonial development Act, marshall plan, gdp gross domestic product, economic development, gni gross national income, Lesotho, Thaba Tseka project, modernization
A framework frames the vision of an environment, and in the case of development, the framework also has implications on what to do about what we are seeing.
The word development has multiple meanings and understandings and there are different theories about how we bring development about.
We need to think about the development as a framework, and the framework as the way we are looking at the world.
[...] The human development index is yet another index that tries to assess standards of living across countries going beyond income. it takes education and health into account through life expectancy, and it has a variant of it that is the inequality adjusted human development index which will discount if you consider how developed country is based on those indicators. Another issue that is becoming more and more travelling in the development debate is climate change. There is a price on the environment of many of the infrastructure plans that are taking place Tourism in Lesotho). [...]
[...] Development will happen and the concept that make it famous will take off. The take-off is when the accumulation of wealth becomes an organizing principle in the society. before that people didn't care about getting richer once this takes off process happens accumulation begins, and enrichment becomes one of the motivations. We obviously see that as a good thing, you cannot make development to take place. You need a big push to catch up the advanced economies. Dependency theory Dependency theory says the opposite of the modernization theory. [...]
[...] In fact, development as a way of thinking about the world, relies a lot on indicators, tools to quantify the world which is also a key component of development as a framework and as a program. A few examples of the tools and how they become increasingly sophisticated and specialized: GDP (PIB) which refers to the value of the total of goods and services produced in a given country for a year. Economists realized that if you only look at that you are missing how much of that money from the value of something that is produced in a country stays in it VS how much leaves the country. [...]
[...] If you look at the staff of the World Bank, it is more diverse. You have anthropologists working at the World Bank but the testimonies including point to the fact that if you're not speaking economists' language, you're not going to be taken seriously. that that also shows that the framework itself is diverse and there's a tension within it, but this like for quantitative economist style kind of thinking is still dominant. In terms of how poverty is conceived there's also been development, to speak for instance the international poverty line which can be controversial for different reasons. [...]
[...] W.W Rostow and the take-off notion The scholar that modernization theory is often associated with is W.W Rostow. His major work is called: "the stages of economic growth". His idea is that traditional societies have conservative values, aren't interested in accumulating wealth. To reach the mass consumption paradise in which you will live, you need to have a leading sector in the economy along which you mobilize resources. His point is if you make strategic investment in the leading sector, you should be "fine". [...]
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