Following the Revolution, drastic measures needed to be taken to insure America's survival and success if it was to truly become a rich and orderly nation after departure from British rule. The Articles of Confederation had been formulated and processed, yet proved not wholly productive, efficient, or plausibly functional. They lacked certain key elements which were essential to the growth and maturity of a nation still in its infancy. Major dampers in its success lay foremost in its inability to provide Congress with stronger powers, most importantly, the provision to tax the states directly. At the first National Convention, respected government and social leaders joined together in an attempt to resolve the issues hindering America's growth. What began as a call for discussion ultimately resulted in the drafting of the US Constitution, which would lay the foundation for the nation's future, allow the "Hercules in the cradle" to finally take its first steps towards republic liberty, unification, and national power.
[...] Having experienced the corruption of power leading to the Revolution, Anti-Federalists feared that a strong national government, led by an executive, would eventually follow its predecessor's abusive footsteps. Power, given so dominantly to one faction, to rule over so wide a distance as this nation, would put America right back where it started while it was under British rule. Rather, leaders such as Patrick Henry, believed the government should be kept simple, that state power should remain supreme and only thus could republican liberty be preserved. [...]
[...] What it did mention, however, were the “necessary and proper” clauses, also called the elastic clauses, which allowed the national government to do what it deemed necessary for America's survival. An Anti-Federalist would obviously never allocate a larger share of power onto the national government. The conflicting viewpoints between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists also impacted the constitution by helping to impart the Bill of Rights. an effort to woo Anti-Federalist delegates and persuade the uncommitted, Federalist leaders there agreed to forward a set of amendments outlining a federal bill of rights allowing notice of ratification.” Anti-Federalist influence helped to provide for the amendments which were believed to be “unnecessary” by Federalist leaders. [...]
[...] These revisions would aid in appeasing a number of states' rights delegates who before were apprehensive about the forthcoming constitution. It was obvious that in the drafting of this constitution, however, that the federalists had the stronger hand. To Congress it allotted the power to “levy and collect taxes, regulate commerce with foreign nations and between states, administer national patents, copyrights, and control its federal district.” It also listed the powers denied to the states. It did not state, however, that the powers not deferred onto congress would thereby fall upon state jurisdiction. [...]
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