The process of globalization is one that has been widely examined by scholars and experts. Although most seem to agree that the process of globalization is indeed having a powerful impact on the development of the international community, the analyses and evaluations that have been offered often focus on a myriad of causes and antecedents for change in this manner. While critiques of globalization and its evolution are often well grounded in theory and empirical data, there are so many different opinions offered on the subject that it is difficult to know for sure which opinion presents the most valid viewpoint. With the realization that so much attention has been given to the subject of globalization its root causes, there is a clear impetus for scholars to look at this issue more comprehensively. Utilizing this as a basis for investigation, this research considers the assertion that globalization is more an economic than a cultural revolution.
[...] Social Justice, 1-20. Bardhan, P. (2006). Does globalization help or hurt the world's poor? Scientific American, 294(4), 84-91. Giddens, A. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press. Granell, E. (2000). Culture and globalization: A Latin American challenge. Industrial & Commercial Training, 89-93. Kahler, M. (2004) Economic security [...]
[...] Rather when globalization becomes an integral part of an individual culture, the infrastructures of traditional values that have permeated a particular culture are challenged. In this context, individuals and societies must make a choice about how to move forward in a globalized and modernized world. Will the society embrace the cultural attitudes and values that have been brought as a result of globalization? Or will the society choose to adhere to traditional values and ideas that fundamental to existing culture? [...]
[...] This author goes on to note that technology and various goods permeate culture, even when a particular culture does not want change: In the 19th century the postal service, newspapers, transcontinental railroads, and great steam-powered ships wrought fundamental changes. Telegraph, telephone, radio, and television tied tighter and more intricate knots between individuals and the wider world. Now computers, the Internet, cellular phones, cable TV, and cheaper jet transportation have accelerated and complicated these connections (p. 7). The end result of this process is culture change, over which most individuals have no real control. [...]
[...] At the same time, globalization has produced a redefinition of economic security in light of the risks posed by cross-border networks of non-state actors and by the economic volatility of the new global environment” (p. 485). When examined in this context it becomes evident that the very nature of globalization in integrally tied to economics. Without the presence of economic forces, globalization would not have been initiated. Further, without the presence of current economic forces, there would be no impetus to continue to perpetuate the cycle of globalization. [...]
[...] Indeed, world cities are also linked by a transnational field composed of political and cultural capital. The global city is the culmination of a process of concentration of different species of capital: capital of physical force or instruments of coercion, economic capital, cultural capital, and symbolic capita (p. 3-4). What this effectively suggests is that the evolution of globalization is not fully grounded only in economic discourse. Wherry and Curran go on to assert that it is the cultural capital “which enables the state to exercise power over the different fields and over the different particular species of capital” (p. [...]
Online readingwith our online reader
Content validatedby our reading committee