Unexpected urbanization is taking place in China today and will continue to occur in the coming years. The rapid rise of Chinese settling in cities is drastic. Statistics showed that urbanization heightened from 18 percent in 1978 to 30 percent in 1995 and 39 percent in 2002 (New Lincoln Institute). It is also predicted that China will increase its GDP by four times and attain urbanization by 55 percent by year 2020 (Ibid). This era of rapid growth has spurred many Chinese to relocate from provinces to many of China's cities. As a result, an influx in trade and commerce is booming in China, with more settlers in the urban areas. The Chinese people seeking to work in greener pastures opt to work where the centre of business is located, to look for better job opportunities. Because of the rapid growth of inhabitants in the commercial districts of China, the rise of revenue is also expected. This rise of urbanization in China predicts that in the rate that this progress is taking place, it is expected that 1.3 billion Chinese or one tenth of the world's population will settle in cities by 2010 (Xiaohua).
[...] and direct this “avalanche” of humanity on the move, and the return of many migrants to their home communities, where the process of urbanization continues. Focusing on everyday life in cities, the author also shows how this social transformation extends to the most intimate spheres of people's lives. In conclusion, he raises the question of a “sustainable” urban development and its relation with China's own past, values, and institutions. Freidmann also predicts that in a span of ten years, China will become the most powerful country in East Asia, and will become a key player among the major powers of the world. [...]
[...] China's “peace and progress” is welcomed by the United States government, especially if their progress would be “constructive to the international community.” But China is known at this point to be facing a “crossroad,” on how its leaders will utilize its political and economic strength as well as its military leverage (Denny). It is still uncertain whether China will use it to coerce its way to becoming a superpower. The ultimate motive is still uncertain, although many Americans are more concerned about the economic strength that China has and its effect toward the American economy. [...]
[...] This was the experience of many Latin American cities in the 1970s and 1980s, as described in the writings on Brazilian favelas. By the time Latin America was fully urbanized in 1990, the policies and institutional reforms needed to integrate former migrants into local society were long overdue. Granting that China will succeed in its campaign for rapid urbanization, it does not hold water that the program itself will succeed. At this rate, it is not achievable considering that urban managers are not yet trained and skilled to manage massive inflow of immigrants from provinces. [...]
[...] On my part, I am considering to take a Master's in Business in China, in order to adapt and be able to transact with representatives of the emerging superpower. Works Cited Sun , Xiaohua . "Half China to live in cities by 2010." China Daily Nov 2006. China Daily Dec 2007 < http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2006- 11/07/content_726250.htm>. Friedmann, John . "China's Urban Transition." University of Minnessota Press. University of Minnessota Press Dec 2007 < http://www.upress.umn.edu/Books/F/friedmann_chinas.html>. New LIncoln Institute Book, "Urbanization in China: Critical Issues in an Era of Rapid Growth." New LIncoln Institute Book Dec 2007 < http://www.smartgrowth.umd.edu/pdf/ChinaNewBook200711.pdf>. [...]
[...] It is not advisable to push the program on urbanization if these problems persist. Blind expansion of cities. China's city governments focus more on “blind expansions” by focusing on construction projects that tend to show off “symbolic projects” such as luxurious buildings at the expense of city facilities that would cater to the general public. The expenses that would entail urbanization projects are hefty considering that there are other government projects which are more needed for the benefit of the public. [...]
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