Researchers examining the development of Sub-Saharan Africa have noted that there are numerous infrastructure problems that exist on the continent. Telecommunication, transportation, and basic health and education services have been noted as some of the most pervasive problems affecting the development of this region. These problems persist for a host of reasons which include: a lack of economic support from local and state governments, a consistent lack of technology in these areas, and the inability of the international community to look at the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa as different entities facing notably different challenges for development (Musa, Meso & Mbarika, 2005). Unfortunately, because these problems continue to persist, many of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have not been able to develop the infrastructure that they need to move forward.
[...] When the specific context of transportation infrastructure that exists in Nigeria is elucidated in this manner, the true problems facing this country with respect to a lack of transportation become more evident. To further illustrate the problems that exist in Nigeria with respect to the transportation infrastructure, Oni (2000) reviews country data on the status of paved and unpaved roads in Nigeria that are owned and operated by federal, state and local governments. The results of Oni's investigation can be found in Tables 3 and 4below. [...]
[...] Given that deregulation of the telecommunications industry has had such a notable impact on improving the overall level of communication taking place in the country, one cannot help but wonder of the government should not consider a similar move to improve transportation in Nigeria. At the present time, the transportation systems that exist in Nigeria are principally owned by the government. This is especially true with respect to the roadways. If the government was willing to relinquish its control of the roadways in Nigeria and allow private companies to bid for contracts to build roads, it is possible that the country may be able to develop the necessary transportation infrastructure that would be necessary to accommodate Nigeria's rapidly expanding population. [...]
[...] Although Oguine does not provide a clear overview of the environmental impact that changes in Nigeria's transportation industry will have on both regional and global climates, other researchers investigating these changes have noted that as the number of automobiles in Nigeria increases, so too will the amount of carbon dioxide emissions. At the present time, researchers have noted significant increases in the amount of carbon dioxide emissions in Nigeria. Figure page 15, provides an overview of per capita emissions for select years since 1950. [...]
[...] As noted by the CIA, in its general assessment of telecommunications in the country: inadequate system, further limited by poor maintenance; major expansion is required and a start has been made” (Nigeria). To demonstrate the changes that have occurred in the telecommunications industry in recent years, Table 1 provides an overview of the current communication infrastructure that exists in Nigeria. This data is compared to the United States. Clearly, what the data demonstrates is that the United States is much more developed in every aspect of its telecommunications development. [...]
[...] As such, there is still a clear impetus to consider what could be done to further facilitate the development of traditional landline communication technology in the country. Transportation in Nigeria Current Status of Transportation Much like telecommunications development, Nigeria has also experienced mixed results when it comes to the development of its transportation networks. Notable advances made in recent years clearly indicate progress; however, this progress is muted by historical problems that continue to plague the development of this infrastructure. [...]
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