The end of Cold War brought new global challenges to the security field. The arousal of new forms of conflict, such as internal wars and terrorism made it important to rethink civilian protection as the centre of this new perspective of security. Threats to security are no longer restricted to states, nor can the state protect its citizens from fear by conventional military action. In his speech appealing for a change in the way we think about security, Sergio Vieira de Mello , underlined the idea that « the security of states and the security of peoples are clearly intertwined, for the insecurity of peoples inexorably leads to the disintegration of states and to regional and international instability »...
[...] ) Human security is ( . ) a concern with human life and dignity The idea that this concept would revolutionize society in the 21st Century by creating a response to a new security spectrum, boosted the initiative of creating in January 2001, a Global Commission on Human Security. This Commission would eagerly aim at the twin goals for human security established at the Millennium Summit in 2000 by Kofi Annan: freedom from fear and freedom from want The definition since then developed embraces far more than the absence of violent conflict It focuses on the complementarity of state and human security, the latter encompassing in its broadest sense the access and guarantee of a series of factors. [...]
[...] political security and cultural security and of course, every individual's conception of their own legitimate human security, which corresponds to their own needs and desires, questions the fundamental reason for defining such a concept which can virtually mean everything [Paris rhetorically asks this question in his article: Again, if human security is all these things, what is it not ? This makes it harder for policymakers to elaborate priorities in order to fulfil everybody's necessities. How is it possible to define a prioritarization of action, regarding namely intervention when the concept itself doesn't manage to do so? [...]
[...] Even without a proper legal frame or a proper measurement, human security seems to have emerged from human development and human rights in order to become a subject of its own; a big one, still growing, which has become part of our daily life, for each individual can have a voice in the debate about what is human security. United Nations Assistant High Commissioner for Refugees at the time United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 1994, New York [Chapter page 22] Commission on Human Security: Human Security Now: Report of the Commission. [...]
[...] In what regards human rights and human security, the legal frame and universality, which enwombs the first, might provide the supporting structure the latter needs to continue developing. Moreover, human security first appeared from human development, in a human development report, as a branch of the subject. Since then, the relationship between both has been inseparable. The economy Nobel Prize winner, Robert Mundell developed a theory the triangle of impossibility theory - where in each corner of a triangle he had one condition, which would only be compatible with one of the other two at the same time. [...]
[...] If so, this trident lacks a sense of present reality, meaning it is not adequate for what should be expected of the 21st Century. We must benefit from the opportunities that today's world gives us such as the global network, scientific advances, information and technology, international initiative, increasing of new actors (NGOs, Humanitarian Organizations, etc.) to fight these survival menaces. In the end, there will be a more effective struggle against existing threats - and new ones, which naturally arise at the same time. [...]
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