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29 Dec 2023

What are the main obstacles to the EU being considered a major global actor?

Essay - 8 pages - International relations

"If I had to sum up the objective of this presidency in one sentence, I would say that we must move from a Europe of cooperation within our borders to a powerful Europe in the world, fully sovereign, free of its choices and master of its destiny." In a press conference on December 9, 2021, the...

20 Dec 2023

Ukraine joining the European Union: myth or reality?

Essay - 1 pages - International relations

Ukraine is an Eastern European country located between Poland and Russia. However, it is not a member of the European Union, which is a unique partnership between 27 European countries, known as Member States, or EU countries. This country has shown interest in joining the EU since 1993, two...

10 Dec 2023

Brexit's Impact

Summary - 1 pages - International relations

The skepticism of the European Union became increasingly widespread in the United Kingdom following the financial crisis of 2008. Since then, the euro zone economy has increased and the perception of the European Union has deteriorated due to an increase in regional immigration and a large influx...

07 Dec 2023

The Iranian Nuclear Program since 1953

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

The nuclear program has been a particular concern of the international community since its inception in 1957. The latest claims by the Islamic regime on the actual production of uranium enrichment have rekindled tensions, especially with the United States and Israel. But what are the real...

07 Dec 2023

U.S. Political Institutions and their Roles in the U.S. Foreign Policy

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

In 2017, Trump stated in the National Security Strategy of the United States of America that the US "seeks a Middle East that is not a haven or breeding ground for jihadist terrorists, not dominated by any power hostile to the United States, and that contributes to a stable global energy market."...

07 Dec 2023

The Political Principle - Integration Before Federalism

Course material - 3 pages - International relations

The Chain of event method comes from a French expression created by Cohen Tanuggi, meaning "M├ęthode de l'engrenage." So, as Europe grows so does the pro-European feelings. The idea was that one-day people would think about a federal Europe as something quite obvious and naturally developed....

30 Nov 2023

The Nuclear Question in North Korea

Presentation - 4 pages - International relations

At the end of September 2017, Donald Trump spoke at the UN tribune for the first time since being elected, making a speech that has covered quite a few diplomatic areas, like Iran and North Korea nuclear matter. This speech has been taken again and again by many journalists from all over the...

16 Nov 2023

Jamaica and its Influence in the United Kingdom

Presentation - 1 pages - International relations

Jamaica, which is located in the Caribbean, has Kingston as a capital. The English is the official language of the country as it has been colonized by the Spanish and the English during the seventeenth century. Today, close to one million Jamaican people lives in the United Kingdom.

02 Nov 2023

Cover Letter for an Internship at the French Embassy

Sample letter - 1 pages - International relations

This document provides a sample cover letter for an internship at the French Embassy in Guinea.

25 Oct 2023

Clinton Impeached - Peter Baker, Juliet Eilperin (1998) - How does the lie become the main factor of accusation?

Text commentary - 2 pages - International relations

Despite his relative frequency in the last couple of years, an impeachment procedure remains a rare event in American political history, as it requires the members of Congress to be ready to vote for the deposition of an elected president - meaning first that the president has been guilty of a...

19 Oct 2023

Chinese Immigration In The United Kingdom

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

Chinese migrants were often overlooked because they were never one of the largest immigrant groups in the United Kingdom. But their presence has been and is still significant. There are many reasons for Chinese people to consider migrating to the UK. In the study of migration, push factors...

19 Oct 2023

To what extent did Brexit reignite tensions in Northern Ireland, and how is it bringing a new problem about the place of Northern Ireland within the Union and the Irish-British relations?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

Just after the draft EU-UK agreement, former UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage was asked if he had ever considered Northern Ireland during the referendum campaign in 2016. He admitted he never gave it a moment's thought, and I quote: "No, no, no... what's the problem? There is no...

13 Oct 2023

The Indian political situation - Clement Attlee (1942) - To what extent does India's independence impose itself on the British political powers?

Text commentary - 2 pages - International relations

Clement Richard Attlee, a member of the Labour Party, was a British statesman who served as British Prime Minister at the end of the Second World War and subsequently from 1945 to 1951. Attlee held a number of posts, including First Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - after joining...

07 Sep 2023

Anglo-German relations in the European Union, 1945-2019

Presentation - 10 pages - International relations

History showed that Germany and the United Kingdom were often enemies, even if they were also strongly dependent and linked on many levels. Indeed, they were commercial and industrial rivals before 1914, and then they fought against each other during the two World Wars. But more recently, they...

06 Apr 2023

To What Extent Have the United States and Europe Grown Closer or Further Apart After September 11?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

September 11, 2001 appears to be a major turning point in the American management of foreign affairs. Europe, as a major partner and ally, is also impacted by this attack. The objective of our analysis will be to determine the consequences of these. Moreover, the exponential rise in power of...

09 Aug 2022

Analytical Report on a Conflict and Conflict Management: The War of the Sands

Tutorials/exercises - 15 pages - International relations

In 1956, Morocco claimed sovereignty over parts of the Sahara which were under Moroccan influence, “the Greater Morocco”. Interested in Algerian Sahara because of recently discovered resources, France tried to trade these territories against a common organization responsible for...

30 Jul 2022

Towards a "Europe-puissance" or towards a free trade zone?

Course material - 8 pages - International relations

The development of the European Union, along the line of constant progress towards more integration, which more or less prevailed since 1950, appeared to stop suddenly in May 2005 with the French "No" to the so-called Constitutional Treaty. That problem has been solved, at least for now, with the...

30 Jul 2022

Towards a European Defense?

Course material - 7 pages - International relations

The problem of a European defense system is not new: we remember the Brussels Treaty of 1948, which was a military alliance between GB, France and the Benelux countries, including a common European general staff which was stationed in Fontainebleau, until it was taken over by NATO in 1951, but...

24 Jun 2022

Trade and international relations

Worksheets - 2 pages - International relations

We live on an international scene punctuated by globalization and the intensification of trade. We currently exchange more than we produce: a good is exchanged on average 1.4 times. In this perspective, trade (even if it is basically established between two companies) is a way for countries to...

12 May 2022

How has the Belt and Road Initiative played a part in China's cross-regional political and security relations?

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

The announcement of the Belt and Road Initiative in 2013 was meant to signal China's interest in building stronger global economic links, but it has been argued that the BRI also serves to improve Beijing's cross-regional diplomacy in other ways, including strengthening the country's security....

16 Apr 2022

How have the USA and its immigrants built each other?

Case study - 2 pages - International relations

I am going to talk about the notion of “Spaces and Exchanges”. But before we start, we shall say that exchange is all about giving and receiving something in return, whereas the space is the place where those exchanges happen. In class, we studied this notion through the lens of...

22 Mar 2022

What were the three main challenges in achieving your objectives in the multilateral negotiation exercise?

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - International relations

Multilateral negotiation occurs usually between three or more parties which debate on several subjects in the aim to reach an agreement which would be acceptable by everybody. As said Saadia Touval in his article titillated "Multilateral Negotiation", multilateral negotiation is most of the time...

25 Jan 2022

Brexit and the implications of the border in the politics of Northern Ireland and the Republic: pushing a unification too quickly or too hard a separation?

Dissertation - 10 pages - International relations

In Northern Ireland, separation has been part of the history of the nation since its conquest of the Normans in 1169, as it paved the way for the later British involvement in Ireland. Today, the thorny issue that threatens the country is Brexit and its implications on the dividing border and...

07 Dec 2021

Globalization and Inequalities: Towards a World Without Poverty: Theories, Institutions, SDG's Policies, Future Perspectives for a Better Society

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

When we talk about globalization, we mainly think about how it has been a driver and shaper of our current society. Despite having increased and revolutionized the economic exchanges, it has largely impacted our cultural and political processes by perturbing them. Globalization appeared and...

02 Mar 2021

What are the impacts of computer sciences on international exchanges?

Essay - 1 pages - International relations

I'm going to deal with the notion of Spaces and Exchanges. To start with, I'd like to define the notion. An exchange is a movement or circulation, which can take several forms: information sharing, cultural, and movements of people. I've chosen to focus particularly on computer...

07 Oct 2020

The Dayton Peace agreement

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

The Dayton Peace agreement, initiated in Dayton, Ohio in November 1995 and signed in Paris a month later, put an end to the worst conflict Europe had known since the Second World War. After three years of diplomatic shortcomings and blocked negotiations, US envoy Richard Hoolbrooke - the...

07 Oct 2020

Operation Serval's strategic considerations and Clausewitz

Essay - 10 pages - International relations

In February 2011, Geoff D. Porter commented on the increased activity of al-Qa'ida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), whose 'kidnap and ransom threat' made a growing instability factor in the Saharan region. Establishing multiple groups on the cross-border zone of northern Mali, northern...

11 Jul 2020

Relationships between Serbia and the European Union

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

Serbia also officially called the Republic of Serbia is a small sovereign state whose capital city is Belgrade. On June 5 of 2006, the Republic of Serbia was created after the independence of Montenegro which composed a federation (Serbia and Montenegro) since 2003 after the disruption of...

07 May 2020

African Conflicts in International Relations - China in Africa : Political or Economic interests ?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

China's involvement in Africa cannot be reduced to only one dimension. It would be an oversimplification to label the Chinese interests on the continent as either political or economic solely: these two aspects often constitute two faces of the same coin. China's increasing engagement in...

05 Aug 2017

Governance and organized crime

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Organized crime has over the years developed into a global problem with law enforcement agencies and nongovernmental organizations taking the initiative to stop activities carried out by these organized crime groups. Nongovernmental have also intervened in reducing the involvement of society into...