Towards Post Cold War conflicts, the English army became the heir of a strong strategic culture. Indeed, the geo-politic and military story of England has been made mainly by maritime army power, in order to avoid any insurrections from other countries. However, in today's absence of any direct threats towards England and in a world evolution of conflicts, it is important for England like other any European countries to develop alliances in order to guarantee a world security. Since the end of the Post War, the world has known new localized conflicts for a part, with the example of the "Balkanization" of the conflicts, and the apparition of new threats with the notion of terrorism (9/11). The last White Papers edited by the English Ministry of Defense dealt with Defense issues, and emphasized on the way that the English army must change its overall vision of its Defense Industrial Strategy showing their will to adapt their army in the new international strategic context.
[...] Moreover, in order to meet its proper needs in term of Research and Development Investment, the Ministry of Industry has developed several autonomous concepts. Indeed, thanks to the Technology strategy, Mod is consequently moving away from a single supplier of research, seeking to develop partnerships between Private and Public sector. Indeed, as we have seen before, thanks to PFI and to the “Defense Diversification agency”, investments can be dividing between these two sectors and consequently being even less heavy for the government. [...]
[...] Consequently, one of the main motives of the UK's army structure is to provide more flexibility within its army by not only diminishing the size of the army, but also to bring in better organization, in small and more relevant units which are ready to act at any time. If United Kingdom has already started its move towards a European Defense policy, we can wonder what will be the advantages and disadvantages for UK to extend its co-operation in the arms procurement, and more precisely concerning the Research and development. [...]
[...] is even more important as it provides revenue of around billion per annum and supports other sectors like technology, innovation and exports. Indeed, for example, England is the principal overseas supplier to the United States and the second arms sellers in the world, after US. By following the directives suggested in the previous White Papers, the Great Britain has without any contest taken a leadership position on in European Defense by allowing 25% bigger budgets for Defense than its neighbors like France and Germany. [...]
[...] Indeed, thanks to the Declaration of principles signed by both countries, UK and US are trying to improve the co-operation of transatlantic business Defense. We know moreover that the United-states are the first country for export for the United Kingdom, and have consequently a really important part in that business. However, some disparities subsist, concerning for example the way that the United States does not want to share the technology of the Joint Strike Fighter even though Britain wants to buy it. [...]
[...] One more time, the importance of Research and development is essential, due to the “high value of these products. The today's UK aerospace industry is facing to a period of change, and has to deal with different possible way to work. Indeed, with problems like overcapacity that UK has to deal with, rising units' costs and the limitation of the defense budgets from states, it seems essential to think about changes. Indeed, rationalization will lead to economies of scale at all levels and consequently to a higher competitiveness. [...]
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