The United States of America has always been an immigration Land. 301 Million Whites, Blacks, Latinos and Asians, subdivided in different ethnic groups are living together.
Because of the all-known complicated relationship between Cuba and America, one of the most interesting immigration is the Cuban immigration. Approximately 1,000,000 Cubans have migrated to the United States. These migrants represent all ethnic groups, regions and social classes of Cuba. The majority of them arrived after the communist revolution of Fidel Castro. The reasons for this immigration aren't just political. A lot of Cubans migrated for economic or familial reasons.
[...] So even if relations between Cuba and America stay tense, for example about the billboard affair with the US interests section in Havana, Cuban- Americans are well accepted in the United States. The reason for this situation is that, in public perception, Cuban-Americans are political refugees. As worse the relation between Cuba and America, as better the image of the most ardent anti-castrist, the Cuban-Americans, in public opinion. Americans hate Cuba and like Cubans, especially if they're living in the United States. [...]
[...] 1960 the first communist expropriation laws were enacted and, in 1961, after the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist-Leninist and that Cuba will become a socialist state. The US government already broke their diplomatic relations with Cuba on January 3. From now on the immigrants were rather middle- class entrepreneurs. Interesting material about the motives of these immigrants can be found in the study conducted by Fagen, Brody and O'Leary.For 20% of the migrants fear of imprisonment was the most significant factor in their decision indicated that it was harassment and persecution said they generally disagreed with the communist policy and only explains their left because of a loss of job or income. [...]
[...] But the image of Cuban-Americans in American society radically shifted during the Mariel boatlift was a year of recession and high unemployment in the United States; public opinion was quite against this big immigration wave. The immigrants of the Mariel flow were migrating for economic reasons and also Fidel Castro wanted to get rid of them. Well- publicized disturbances in the refugees camps, like at Fort Chaffee, worsened the situation. A spree of violent crimes attributed to a small number of Cuban criminals changed radically the public perception of the American-Cubans. [...]
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