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Presentations in political science 61 to 90

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29 Sep 2010
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Post communist transition - Paper 3

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

After the collapse of the Soviet system, corruption in post-communist countries surged. Some of the post-communist nations were more successful in dealing with corruption than others. Do you believe that corruption was and still is a big obstacle to the development of these nations? Please...

29 Sep 2010
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In your view could the collapse of socialism/ communism have been avoided or postponed in Central and Eastern Europe?

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

The main issue is indeed to know whether the system of the Soviet Union could have been reformed in order to last longer. Some reforms could have been conceivable but they were so deep, so huge that it would have led to a complete transformation of the whole system with, for example, redefining...

29 Sep 2010
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News media : is the "fourth estate a power?

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

Today, the permanent and instantaneous flow of information pass through a wide range of channels, called 'the media'. There are two types of channels: print media (e.g. newspapers) and broadcast media (e.g. television, radio). It is precisely the capacity to create information, that is at...

29 Sep 2010
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Can an ethical case ever be made for the use of torture during interrogation?

Essay - 11 pages - Political science

In the ancient Greece and Rome, the testimony of a slave would not be taken into account in a judicial investigation, unless the statement had been obtained after the subject was submitted to torture. Nowadays, although torture has been banned from legal systems and condemned at the international...

29 Sep 2010
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What are the main obstacles to the provision of global public goods?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Global public goods are hard to define. Even though, there is a consensus about the definitions of public goods and collective goods, there exists different approaches. Public goods are supposed to be available for all and they are characterized by two principles: non-rivalry, which means that...

29 Sep 2010
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Effective leadership in public administration: "The great leader is seen as servant first", Robert K. Greenleaf

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

Globalization, decentralization, economic uncertainties, and other contemporary challenges ask for a new kind of governance and a new role for public agents in every country. Governments have to reshape the public sector to cope with this environment that requires civil servants to assume new...

29 Sep 2010
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Women and Unions in Contemporary Japan

Essay - 15 pages - Political science

Post-war Japan has seen considerable change with regard to women. The 1946 Constitution guaranteed for the first time, the equality of men and women under the law. Subsequently, the revised Civil Code and a range of domestic laws, including the Fundamental Law of Education and the Labor Standards...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent does media coverage of grass-root citizen activity promote citizen activism?

Essay - 2 pages - Political science

The American citizen has evolved as a well-behaved political spectator, keen towards national affairs. The combination of an authoritative presentation style on behalf of the network news organizations and a lack of thorough coverage on citizen activist groups has cultivated a pacified audience...

29 Sep 2010
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How democratic is the British government?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

In fact, we could set a few provisional requirements to the evaluation of a government as democratic in order to analyze the British particular case. These requirements would be of different natures, and would be related first to the institutional system, then to the society itself. Indeed, the...

29 Sep 2010
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Measuring the efficacy of the weekly presidential radio address

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

The first presidential radio address in United States history was delivered by President Warren G. Harding on June 14th, 1922. He delivered a speech in Baltimore, MD and it was broadcasted by WEAR (now WFBR). Perhaps more historic than this was the first official radio address delivered in 1921...

29 Sep 2010
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Does devolution constitute a challenge to the British political tradition?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

In 1998, the New Labor government passed the Scotland Act, the Government of Wales Act and the Northern Ireland Act, enforcing devolution in the United Kingdom. In order to determine if devolution constitutes a challenge to the British political tradition, one needs to look at pre-devolution...

29 Sep 2010
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Explain the reasons for the durability of the National Front

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Even though it is not the biggest extreme-right party in Europe, the French National Front finds a particular resonance internationally, considering its long-lasting influence on the national political field. Often wrongly considered as a simple heir of Poujadism, it can no longer be considered...

29 Sep 2010
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Evaluate Charles Taylor's arguments against neutralist liberalism

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Every society needs cohesion to survive. However, we are likely to have different views on how to implement and manage this cohesion. In this context, the state has a primary role regarding this task as it is often seen as the only alternative to anarchy. The question then arises as to the basis...

29 Sep 2010
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Interest groups and voter ignorance

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Certain interest groups are often depicted as pursuing only their self-interest. They are supposed to "push government to enact policies that benefit small constituencies at the expense of the general public". These criticisms lead to the creation of a new word: lobbying, which designates the...

29 Sep 2010
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How effective is the communitarian critique of liberalism? Use Rawls, Sendel and McIntyre to organise your arguments

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Communitarianism is a political and social philosophy that emphasizes the importance of community in the functioning of political life, in the analysis and evaluation of political institutions, and in understanding human identity and well-being. It was developed in the 1980s and '90s in...

29 Sep 2010
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The debate of the carrying of arms in the United State and the role of the NRA (National Rifle Association)

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The question of the regulation of handguns is 'one of the most divisive social issues in American society' because 'firearms in general, and handguns in particular, are emblematic of individual autonomy and freedom from government intrusion' . This debate is actually...

29 Sep 2010
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Mel Lastman, Mayor of a Megacity (Toronto: 1998-2003)

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Melvin Douglas 'Mel' Lastman was born to Polish-Jewish immigrants in 1933. He entered into politics in 1969, after having created a chain of stores in the area of Toronto. According to legend, at the age of 22, he borrowed $2,000 and a truck to open his first appliance store; and the...

29 Sep 2010
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Security and emancipation

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The 20th century has witnessed many struggles for emancipation, and a strong emphasis put on security agenda in many countries. Regarding emancipation, many examples come to our mind like the decolonization era, after World War II, the feminist struggles for equality between genders all over the...

29 Sep 2010
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How does Gramsci understand social cohesion and consent?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Antonio Gramsci is without doubt, a spiritual follower of Marxism. Drawing the consequences of his experiences of worker's movements and communist party politics, as well as of his numerous readings and philosophical influences, he has greatly contributed to the evolution of Marxist thought...

29 Sep 2010
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Three ideas of contractualism : the ones of Locke, Rousseau and Rawls

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

“The great non sequitur committed by defenders of the State, including the classical Aristotelian and Thomist philosophers, is to leap from the necessity of society to the necessity of the State” , noted the American anarcho-capitalist Murray N. Rothbard (1926-1995). Indeed, what...

29 Sep 2010
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The provision of welfare in the United Kingdom

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

Among all the typologies, which exist within Welfare States, most authors classify the United Kingdom as a 'liberal state'. For example, Titmuss sees the United Kingdom as a 'residual model of social policy', where the needs are met by the state only when the private market and...

29 Sep 2010
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How useful are Marxist theories of Capitalist world hegemony?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Even if the word "hegemony? linguistically comes from the Greek "egemon? meaning leader or ruler, one can find the roots of this word in Marxist thought as it was first used by Russian Social-Democrats from the late 1890's through the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. Nevertheless, since the...

29 Sep 2010
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What is the role of IO's - IGO's and NGO's - regarding hostage takings and kidnappings in the world?

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

Today hostage taking is considered as a crime or as a terrorist act. Indeed, hostage taking is one of the many ways of action of the terrorists because, by this way, they can put pressure on States and thus obtain an important media coverage. The hostage taking is one of the favourite ways of...

29 Sep 2010
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Case study: To what extent did the democratization process cause Côte d'Ivoire to collapse?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Between 1960 and 1990, Côte d'Ivoire was regarded as a model of state stability and state efficiency. But in 2002 the Ivorian State completely collapsed. At the same time the level of democracy in Côte d'Ivoire went up between 1990 and 2002, leading the country from a paternalistic...

29 Sep 2010
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Differences and similarities among the contemporary security policies in Nordic countries

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

“Since 1720, all the Nordic countries have remained minor powers on the international stage. As such, the Nordic states have had to adapt to the constraints that are usually beyond their control.” This statement could summarize the geopolitical situation which has shaped the...

29 Sep 2010
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Cosmopolitanism according to Kant, Negri, and Hardt

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

What is cosmopolitanism? The etymology of the word goes back to Ancient Greek, and is composed of the words kosmos, world, and polites, citizen. Cosmopolitanism should therefore be a theory of world politics, of a world in which a single shared political order would rule and of which every...

29 Sep 2010
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What is governmentality? Is it a useful concept?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Although the concept of governmentality was elaborated in Foucault's last years, its philosophical premises are to be found in many of his earlier publications. From 1961 (Madness and Civilization) to 1984 (The History of Sexuality) , he explored various forms of powers and...

29 Sep 2010
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Should Turkey be admitted into the European Union ?

Essay - 14 pages - Political science

Although many people believe the debate regarding the admission of Turkey into the European Union (EU) is recent, it actually dates back to 1959, just two years after the signing of the Rome Treaty, which created the EU (see appendix 1). In July 1959, Turkey asked for an association agreement...

29 Sep 2010
pdf

The subprime crisis

Essay - 10 pages - Political science

Edward Gramlich in his presentation during the Jackson Hole yearly central bankers symposium of August 31, 2007, said that, 'productivity often improves in fits and starts, in other words, booms and busts play a prominent role. In the 19th century, the United States benefited from the canal...

29 Sep 2010
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Is realism still a relevant theory?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

International Relations have traditionally focused on the State and its ability to survive. Major theories of international relations try to adequately explain and therefore predict security developments and constructing international relations in the world in which we live. The predominant...