Consult more than 14324 documents with no limitation. our subscription options

Essays in political science 151 to 180

Filtrer par :

See all documents

265 results

15 Jan 2009
doc

Towards a democratisation of the Middle-East?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The Middle East has traditionally been a region where democracy has never really managed to break through. The times of the caliphs had been replaced by a more or less violent period of colonisation. When the time for decolonisation finally came, most of the states -some more or less artificially...

15 Jan 2009
doc

The nature of present-day public administration theory

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

“A state without the means of some change is without the means of its conservation”. This quote from Edmond Burke can be applied not only to the state but also, to some extent, to the field of public administration. Indeed, a book such as The Public Administration Theory Primer (2003),...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Critically consider Thomas Franck's argument about an emerging right to democratic governance in international law with particular reference to the recent Palestinian elections returning a Hamas governing authority

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

“Democratic tradition involves a richly evolving collection of diverse beliefs, processes and structures that are neither easily characterized in concise terms nor summarized in a single systematic philosophy of governance” . The complexity of democratic governance could not be...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Social policy and practice in Canada, a history, by Alvin Finkel

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Social Policy and Practice in Canada is a history book, which deals with the birth and the evolution of the Welfare State in Canada since pre-confederation times. It aims at narrating but also analyzing the social policy, defined as a “set of non-market decisions, public and private, that...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Quebec separatism

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

One of the main concerns since the creation of the Canadian Confederation in 1867 has been the Quebec question. Nowadays, it is still a big issue in Canadian politics. Quebec has always appeared as a 'distinct society' within the country. It is the core of the main cleavage in Canada: the...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Judicial activism in Canada

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

In 1982, Canada has known a very significant shift with the adoption of the Charter of Right of Freedom. Before this date, Canada only had a Bill of Rights (1960's) which was a statute and did not allow the courts to restrict the action of the Parliament. But the 1982 Charter of Rights and...

15 Jan 2009
doc

How far have the French succeeded in imposing a necessary reduction on the role and power of the state?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The French state has always occupied a central and essential role and has over the years taken measures to reduce state power. This necessity has to be related to the unprecedented shift in the balance of power, when the Socialists won the elections in 1981. For the first time during the Fifth...

15 Jan 2009
doc

What are the causes and the consequences of division within the mainstream Right, and to what extent has the creation of the UMP in 2002 created a new unity?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The French party system has traditionally been very divided. However, the Fifth Republic is the most “efficient” and stable democratic regime France has ever experienced. Despite this, there still appear to be divisions between the mainstream Right. Therefore, to begin...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Crisis? What crisis? Darfur

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Is there a crisis in Darfur? This question looks at first sight rather provoking; everybody is aware of what is happening there. It is one of the main international hot spots. All the more so as the horrible events in Darfur are everything but new. However, this conflict takes place while the...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Explain the chief causes of the conflict in Chechnya

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The conflict in Chechnya constitutes one of the most burning issues of the post Cold War Russian federation politics. Actually, the two wars, that took place under Yeltsine's and Putin's presidencies, from 1994 to 1996 and from 1999 to 2001, and even to nowadays, have been the most important...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Explain why French trade unions, which enjoy so little support, nevertheless seem to exert considerable political influence

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

In France, trade unions were legalised in 1884, but developed very slowly. Trade unions have never enjoyed phenomenal support in France as in the post-war period approximately 35% of workers belonged to a trade union as opposed to a mere 8-9% nowadays, which is by far the lowest proportion...

15 Jan 2009
doc

How did the feminist politics appear in the nineteenth century?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The nineteenth century was very significant for women, mainly because they were at a turning point in their living conditions. It was ascertained that their place was at home and they were not able to think, unlike men. This situation was considered as unbearable by a growing number of women and...

15 Jan 2009
doc

"What accounts for the success of Silvio Berlusconi in Italian politics since the political crisis of the early 1990's?"

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

As the most dominant Italian politician of his time, Silvio Berlusconi has introduced important innovations in many fields of Italian politics: new ideological approaches, new coalition strategies, new campaign methods and a new leadership style and language. All of these innovations have had a...

15 Jan 2009
doc

What are the most important features of contemporary Irish political culture? Has this political culture really change significantly since 1960? If so, why has this not had a greater impact on the political party system?

Essay - 2 pages - Political science

Irish political culture is often seen as a peculiar one compared to western European countries. The political culture might be considered as a psychological part of political system: the set of values and attitudes of a political community. According to J. Coakley, it can be divided in tree...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Discuss de Gaulle's handling of the Algerian War and consider some of the ways in which he exploited the crisis to political ends

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

In 1954, the discontent displayed by Algerian rebels, the Front de Libération National, demanding independence, turned into war and was not settled until 1962, with the involvement of the French national hero, General de Gaulle. The situation in Algeria was different to that in Tunisia or...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Critically assess available explanations of the rise of the National Front, and assess and explain its impact on French politics

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The National Front was founded in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen and since the 1980s has managed to enter French political life. The European elections of 1984 saw the National Front gain 11% of votes, and in the parliamentary elections of 1986 and 1988, the National Front won 10%. The...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Is social capital a useful tool for explaining the politics of public health in the twentieth century city?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The development of “politics of public health” is historically dated. As Foucault noted, it appeared with the broader emergence of the idea of “population” which provides, in the modern era, the conceptual framework of health policies. The existence of a common concept,...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Elites in the United States

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

One of the arguments that have been laid down to explain the defeat of John F. Kerry on the US-Presidential elections in 2004 was his elitist side. Being a White Anglo-Saxon from the North-East, Kerry really corresponded to the image of a politician who would run the country in a technocratic...

15 Jan 2009
doc

What is meant by the French party system, and what has produced its changing form in the period since 1958?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The French party system emerged in the form of parliamentary factions in the Third Republic. Soon enough, these factions were no longer only evident at the parliamentary level, but were organising the nation. From 1958, there is a considerable change in the organisation of the...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Sir William Beveridge - social insurance and allied services, 1942

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

This text is the introduction of the Beveridge Report, called Social Insurance and Allied Services. This report was presented to the British Parliament in November 1942 and was published the on 1st of December 1942. He was commissioned by Arthur Greenwood, in June 1941. William Beveridge...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Former Soviet Republics of Central Asia and democracy

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Nowadays, Central Asia can be considered as the “Heartland”, that is to say the center of geopolitical positioning, given the abundance of natural resources in the region. Indeed this area, particularly Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, benefits from oil and natural gas reserves among the...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Africa: a cold war proxy field?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

In most discourses about International Relations, Africa is described as a ‘victim' of external powers - namely its former colonisers, the United States and, as far as the Cold War period is concerned, the Soviet Union. For instance, it is said that African wars in the post-colonial era were...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Pluralism, democracy, and citizenship

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

‘Most people think that democratic decisions have special moral force - which we have good reasons to obey laws that are democratically chosen. If this is true, why is it true? If it's not true, why is it not?' Democracy is commonly regarded as the best, or the least bad, political system...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Power of pre-colonial Southeast Asian state and peasantry with respect to colonialism

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

Southeast Asia is not an homogeneous region. That is why it can hardly been analysed as a whole and therefore must be divided into several groups. Concerning the issues related to the relations between the state and the peasantry, South East Asia countries belong mainly to two groups. According...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Conservative and Labour Economic Policies

Essay - 17 pages - Political science

After World War II, a new economic philosophy called “Keynesianism” - different from the “laissez-faire” of old - became prevalent; to his main proponent, John Maynard Keynes (1883-1945), free operation of the market was a good thing but it might prove insufficient to ensure...

13 Jan 2009
doc

How adequate is the question of sovereignty in the political disputes within Britain about the desirability of joining the European communities? (1945-1973)

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

Britain was one of the first countries to imagine a European grouping after the Second World War. In Zurich, on 19 September 1946, Churchill called for a 'United States of Europe', which would be based on cooperation between France and Germany. Yet he saw no place for Britain in this...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Is Russian political culture a serious obstacle to democratization?

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

From the end of the Cold War to nowadays, Russia has endeavored to reform itself so as to exit from a situation of crises. Mikhail Gorbachev attempted to give a new start to the economy of the Soviet Union, to reform its plethoric administration and take steps towards a more democratic,...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Parties and party systems in contemporary democracies

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Laver and Schofield wonder what makes length of a government's life through the examples of Italy and Germany, but also of other countries. Firstly, is the number of parties of the political system related to cabinet stability? This is right in Italy, Belgium and Finland. They have a higher...

13 Jan 2009
doc

The political role of the judges in law and politics

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

My presentation is concerned with the relationship between law/the judiciary and politics. The laws relating to civil and criminal wrongs are indeed made either by Parliament in the form of Acts of Parliament (also called statutes) or by the judges themselves (then called the common law). The...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Cultural relativism or universalism ? An essay in political ethics

Essay - 10 pages - Political science

This is an essay on cultural relativism in the field of political ethics. Yesterday confined to anthropological studies, the idea infiltrated the domain of international morality after the Second World War. It developed from its original virtues of tolerance and understanding to more defensive...