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Essays in political science 181 to 210

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12 Jan 2009
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What is the function of representation in Hobbes conception of political power as presented in the Leviathan?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The notion of Representation is a key feature in democratic regimes. More stable than the direct participation of the people into political life, it supposes that the institutions of the State reflect the composition and the wishes of the people. A simple look at the title of the book-the...

09 Jan 2009
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Account for the failure of Clinton's health care reforms

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

In the United States in the early 1990s, both public opinion and political actors agreed that healthcare system did not work properly anymore. The American system is based on employment, i.e. those who work can benefit from a healthcare insurance, but unemployed people and half-time workers...

09 Jan 2009
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How can the "crisis" of the Welfare States affect the policy of fight against poverty?

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

Since the end of the XVIIIth century, the disastrous consequences due to the Industrial Revolution and to “savage capitalism” on working conditions has been underlined through the rising resentment of the working class. That is why, in order to avoid social implosion and to control...

09 Jan 2009
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What role does the media play in the political process?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Since its beginning, about five decades ago, the mass media have been intertwined with political processes of every type, ranging from coverage of major political events and institutions to effects on campaigns and elections. In our liberal democracies, the media are central for the public:...

09 Jan 2009
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Domestic Politics and American Foreign Policy: American & European political culture, an unsolvable misunderstanding?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The end of the cold war with the collapse of the Soviet Union enabled the emergence of the United States as a hegemonic power. At this time Realist Theories in International Relations predicted that a counterbalancing coalition should soon be organized. The European Union appeared as the most...

09 Jan 2009
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Where would you place New Labour on the ideological spectrum?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Since its foundation in 1900, the British Labour Party has been in power eleven times, and has had five Prime Ministers. It was founded as a social-democratic party, close to the unions and advocating the rights of the working class. On June 2001, led by Tony Blair, it won its second General...

09 Jan 2009
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Transition of Croatia

Essay - 20 pages - Political science

According to Linz and Stephan, five interacting areas need to be in place before a consolidated democracy can exist in a state. First, there must be a free and lively civil society. A civil society is the arena of the polity where self-organizing groups, movements and individuals can express and...

09 Jan 2009
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Is there a distinct American political culture?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

We often assess that some behaviours are “American” and some “European”. Doing this, we mean there is a distinct American culture. Does it match for political culture? Political culture could be defined as a set of behaviours and habits towards the political system of one's...

18 Dec 2008
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History of Russia: A look at the Russian political gravity

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

Autocratic rule in Russia initially evolved at odds with the interests of the landed gentry before finally undermining their power via the establishment of a service gentry, loyal to the state, and appeasing them with the slow institutionalization of serfdom. The primary ingredients of...

18 Dec 2008
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The presidency: Where foreign policy and domestic politics collide

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Political scientists have long sought to discover where the foreign and the domestic spheres of the presidency connect. Presidents, it is assumed, must balance military needs with political needs, whether those political needs entail gaining domestic support for the president's agenda or...

18 Dec 2008
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Appropriate and necessary: The U.S. Supreme Court's need to intervene in Bush v. Gore

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The presidential election of the year 2000 will be the source of controversy for years to come. Since its conclusion on Dec.12, 2000, in the U.S. Supreme Court, volumes have been written criticizing the court's decision in Bush v. Gore - which stopped hand recounts of ballots in Florida and gave...

04 Dec 2008
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Japanese military independence

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

The Japanese Self-Defense Force (SDF) was developed as a provisionary force during the Cold War and is restricted under Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution. The SDF has been under much scrutiny over the most recent decade. Debates regarding the amendment or abolition of...

04 Dec 2008
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International political sociology

Essay - 10 pages - Political science

Political sociology is an interdisciplinary field of inquiry developed by sociologists and political scientists to study the dynamic relationship between society (a complex web of social institutions and social behavior) and politics. Much of the impetus for the development of the field grew out...

25 Nov 2008
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The struggle for democracy: An analysis of false flag terrorism in post-war Italy and its contemporary relevance

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

To analyze politics is to attempt to understand the evolution and application of ideas in circumstances that are seldom clearly defined. These ideas are formulated into ideological structures that become the governing principles of specific political philosophies. Words such as morals, culture,...

04 Nov 2008
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Economic and political transition in Bahrain: Strong Rentier States and Strong Rentier Societies

Essay - 18 pages - Political science

Bahrain, often overlooked in both academic and media analyses of the Middle East, has a strategic importance hidden by its small size. As home of the American Fifth Fleet, Bahrain hosts a deterrent against Iran from blockading the Straits of Hormuz as it has recently threatened to do. As such...

04 Nov 2008
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Conflicting Zionisms in the context of George Orwell's "Notes on Nationalism"

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

I begin this essay with an anecdote: when I read the headline announcing the resignation of Fidel Castro, I asked several American friends their instinctive reaction to Castro, regardless of their views on his forty-nine year rule. While the reactions were not as visceral as one might...

04 Nov 2008
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The developmental state in pre-revolutionary Iran

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

The oft-repeated maxim of Italian politics, that when Mussolini was in power, “at least the trains ran on time,” while probably inaccurate, summarizes well the widely popular belief that authoritarianism serves for (sometimes brutal) efficiency in government. Indeed the opposite saying...

08 Oct 2008
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Stephen Colbert: Truthiness of the times

Essay - 12 pages - Political science

By any historical standards, the last decade has been an extremely eventful and difficult one for America. With the flawed and still-debated 2000 presidential election we witnessed a fault line in our democracy and the election of a politically radical president; September 11th forced many...

06 Oct 2008
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Guatemala and the Spanish conquest

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Spain mercilessly imposed it control over the territories that today encompass Central America. Enslavement and European diseases severely depopulated the indigenous civilizations, and the territories that made up New Spain became heavily Iberian in nature not by influence but rather by...

29 Sep 2008
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Race, immigration and changing U.S. - Cuban relations

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

United States - Cuban relations over the last century have been rocky to say the least. Just 90 miles South of Florida, the U.S. has always liked to think of the island as within its sphere of influence. In the long Cuban war for independence from Spain the United States sheltered leading...

29 Sep 2008
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Hungary's economic plight, the result of imperfect politics

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

While the international community, business leaders and politicians may have known the degree of Hungary's economic crisis, it wasn't until mid-September, 2006, with the leaking of MSzP (Hungarian Socialist Party) Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány's confession of lying “morning, evening and...

25 Sep 2008
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An expansive republic: The Federalist response to Confederate failure

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Of the many issues that Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay sought to confront and explain in their Federalist Papers, one of the overriding matters of contention was the new Constitution's focus on expanding the proposed size and scope of the republic. The Federalists believed that...

25 Sep 2008
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Marxism and the peasantry

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

The majority of Marxist theory correctly focuses on the revolutionary role of the urban industrial proletariat. A deeper reading of the first successful proletariat revolution reveals that a key albatross pulling on the neck of the Soviet system was the question of what to do with the rural...

09 Sep 2008
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Social revolution: Conflict of ideology as a driving force towards war

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

As described by Stephen M. Walt in his essay Revolution and War, social revolutions, or revolutions that seek to overthrow and reshape the social structure of a nation, are fueled and motivated by ideology. Walt writes that “it is hard to imagine a mass revolution succeeding without an...

04 Sep 2008
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The road to nationalism: Self-Defeating colonialism and the power of high culture

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

In his book The Dynamics of Global Dominance, David B. Abernethy proclaims that imperialistic colonies are, by design, inherently “self-defeating enterprises.” That is, historically as a colony grows and progresses according to the design of its ruling nation, the volatility of that...

01 Sep 2008
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Presidential association: Effective strategy in the Bob Casey Pennsylvania Senate Campaign

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Of all the competitive races of the 2006-midterm elections, the Pennsylvania Senate race between Bob Casey Jr. and Rick Santorum stood at the top of the list of elections that would prove to have serious implications in deciding the partisan majority of the Senate. Although the race was...

06 Aug 2008
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The Partisan handling of political scandal in the House of Representatives

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

When a political scandal breaks it has a way of dominating the national discourse between the political parties. Seemingly regardless of the nature of the scandalous content, once that label has been affixed within days media news outlets are saturated with condemnations, protests of innocence,...

04 Aug 2008
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Medicare Prescription Drug act of 2003: Its implications to the US Health Care Systems

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

The Medicare Prescription Drug Act of 2003 introduces one of the most innovative additions to the present Medicare Law. It has been hailed as one of the truly heartfelt laws to come along. It now attempts to cover outpatient prescription drugs. The present law covers drugs received by inpatients...

31 Jul 2008
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In search of identity: The evolution of Indian political theatre

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The study of Indian political theatre is the study of a quest for identity on a grand scale. Political theatre in post-independence India is marked by the expression of conflicting social paradigms, whose complex interplay signifies a deep-seated confusion regarding the question “What does...

30 Jul 2008
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Cuba: Prospects for democracy

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Cuba, largest and most western island of the West Indies. For most of its past, Cuba was the wealthiest island of the Caribbean due to its fertile soil and abundant sugar and tobacco production. Its strategic location and wealth of resources contribute to a long history of external intervention,...