Geopolitics, After the Arab Spring - Do Muslims Vote Islamic Now, Charles Kurzman, Didem Türkoglu, Elections in the Arab world - Why Do Citizens Turn Out, Carolina de Miguel, Amaney A Jamel, Mark Tessler, The Middle East, Ellen Lust, Bricks and Mortar Clientelism - Sectarianism and the Logics of Welfare Allocation in Lebanon, Cammett Melani, Issar Sukriti, Middle East, North Africa, elections, politics, political participation, Lebanon, Future Movement, political party, Hezbollah, Islamic party, democracy, liberal rights, patronage, authoritarian regime, political mobilization
This text is based on "After the Arab Spring: Do Muslims vote Islamic now?" by Charles Kurzman and Didem Türkoglu, "Elections in the Arab world: Why do citizens turn out?" by Carolina de Miguel, Amaney A. Jamel and Mark Tessler, "The Middle East" by Ellen Lust and "Bricks and Mortar Clientelism: Sectarianism and the logics of welfare allocation in Lebanon" by Cammett Melani and Issar Sukriti.
It analyzes the perspectives of different authors on political parties and elections in the Middle East and North Africa. The authors present diverse views on the role and purpose of elections in the region, with some emphasizing the importance of clientelism and material benefits, while others highlight the ideological dimension of political participation.
[...] Political Parties and Elections - Politics of the Middle East and North Africa Critical response paper Political Parties and Elections In their article "After the Arab Spring: Do Muslims vote Islamic now?" Charles Kurzman and Didem Türkoglu discuss the evolution of Islamic parties, including their electoral performance, competition among them and their liberal tendencies. According to them, before the Arab springs, these parties had poor legislative results, and they were moving in a liberal direction. Following the Arab Springs, many parties have come to power in North Africa, but they have not performed better overall since 2011, and remain marginal parties. [...]
[...] She analyzes several data, such as confidence in institutions, security or the level of democracy to reveal the concerns of the inhabitants. Overall, it shows a very relative confidence in political institutions, a strong concern about terrorist attacks and a reduced support for political Islam. She also analyzes the perceptions of the population following the various reforms, noting that Moroccans and Jordanians support their regime and country, which they consider democratic, while Algerians are less satisfied with their government. Finally, she addresses the issue of political parties, which they believe are very important to the authoritarian regime, allowing it to persist. [...]
[...] Last but not least, all of these authors refer to the elections in the Middle East and South Africa, and the objectives that these elections support. Nevertheless, they do not all have the same perception of them. While Cammett Melani, Issar Sukriti, Charles Kurzman and Didem Türkoglu focus more on groups and their processes and outcomes, the others have a more global analysis of elections and their objectives, mainly arguing that clientelism is not their only purpose. The ideological dimension remains important in these elections, and the political participation of voters can be ideological and can allow voters to express their approval or condemnation of the regime. [...]
[...] For them, elections are also a way for the citizens to show their level of trust in the regime, and to express the agreement or disagreement with its economical results. Thus, they reject the view that voters don't care about the political dimension when they vote, and that they are only motivated by patronage. The Middle East In her book "The Middle East", and more specifically in chapter "Actors, Public Opinion and Participation," Ellen Lust explains the multiple dynamics underlying voter voting in the Middle East and North Africa. She identifies a concern for corruption and the overall economy of the country. [...]
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