'The army' is the term used to denote all the resources in manpower and equipment that a community implements either to deter, or to repel the attacks of another community, or to attack. It is a hierarchical group of men, recruited directly or indirectly by a State or an organization, with some character of the state, equipped, armed and trained militarily to enforce by defensive or offensive operations, the interests of that State or that organization. The Army is a major institution of the Republic.
The French army is led by the Defense Minister, Herve Morin. The Army can defend a country, and also is involved with natural disasters to provide help (earthquakes, storms, oil spills (Erika), attacks etc.) or during major events (World Cup). The French army is now divided into three (four) bodies: the Army, the Air Force and Navy (and Gendarmerie Nationale); the fruit of over a century of history and upheavals. Since military service from 2001 was no longer compulsory, the French Army is made up entirely of professionals. This presentation will consist of three parts: first, a brief history of the French army, then the presentation of the organization and composition of the French army, and finally a detailed description of the French army.
Before the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, no organization was responsible for preparing the operations. Therefore it was necessary to improvise on when the war broke out. After this disaster, which showed huge weaknesses of the French Army, the country was implementing a major reform of the army by creating the position of Chief of Staff by order of June 8, 1871 in charge to rethink the organization, recruitment, and military operations. In particular, it is from this period that the army was consolidated into larger units (corps, divisions and brigades) whose organization is in place in time of peace, according to territorial divisions defined, whose designated commanders are responsible for their preparation and their conduct in battle if necessary.
The permanent organization,on the Prussian model (the winners of the 1870 war), provides a more satisfactory preparation of the troops and avoids any repetition of the terrible disorders of the imperial army in August 1870. Since the Revolution, the French army was the army of the people, all French people could be called to military service or mobilized in time of war. But the great military unit called "army" has only really appeared in 1914. It is the intermediate level between the strategic area and field tactics.
Tags: The French Army; presentation; organization and composition of the French Army; detailed description
[...] The France spends about per year of its GDP to defense. In 2005, France finances of the budget of the NATO , more than 110 million euros. Budget for 2006 and 2007 was 47.7 billion euros. The news of the French army At the legislative level, according to the law of 2003-2008 military can modernize and reform the French army. A military program to protect France and the French-based reform was decided in 1996 by the President and implemented by law from 1997 to 2002; the CA 2003 to 2008 represents the second stage to enable the realization Model 2015 Army. [...]
[...] The second consists of squads. The military is a hierarchical institution organizing around military rank, NCOs, and officers. Everyone has a different degree: • For other ranks: soldier, soldier 1st class, corporal and corporal; • For NCO: Sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Warrant Officer, Chief Warrant Officer, Major and aspiring; • For officers: second lieutenant, lieutenant, captain, commander, lieutenant colonel and colonel. The monthly balance of military varies by grade and length of service. On an average it earns a non-commissioned profit between 1255 and 1322 euros, an NCO between 1286 and 1958 euros and an officer between 1565 and 2923 euros. [...]
[...] The gendarmerie is both police force and military force. The armed forces are responsible for: • Preserving the vital interests of France (maintaining the integrity of national territory, the free exercise of sovereignty and protection of its people and its citizens); • Contribute to security and defense of Europe and the Mediterranean; • Actions contribute to peace and international law; • Participate in public service missions. The latter has the strategic functions: • knowing that nuclear deterrence nuclear doctrine is that of non-employment; • prevention based on intelligence services, devices and military cooperation on forces outside major cities; • the projection of strength and power; • Protection The Army The Army in early 2007 had 13,800 strong professionals including 15,700 officers NCOs and 68,050 volunteers. [...]
[...] The very diverse tasks of this fall on its territory or abroad. The Home Missions of the French army: • Vigipirate is strengthening the internal security since 1995.The Vigipirate follows a monitoring plan and centralization of information; it includes armed forces, police and gendarmerie and includes more than 1010 men. The Vigipirate operates on a degree of color, now, since the 2005 London bombings. We are the red level corresponding to make arrangements for the risks that are real. • Proliferation of military interventions on forest fires. [...]
[...] The Army can defend a country, but also can involve in natural disasters (earthquakes, storms, oil spills (Erika) or attacks) or during major events (World Cup). The French Army is now divided into three bodies: the Army, the Air Force and Navy (Gendarmerie Nationale), fruit of over a century of history and upheaval. Military service is present since 2001; the French Army is made up entirely of professionals. This presentation will consist of three parts: first a brief history of the French army, then the presentation of the organization and composition of the French army and finally the news of the French army. [...]
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