Social inequality, democracy, capitalism
In Latin America, social inequality can lead to the strengthening of anti-democratic convictions and further develop the "apartheid" prevailing social. The intervention of the political in the definition and implementation of economic and social policies is becoming more necessary, and the State fulfills that coordination of multiple forms task. As stated LECHNER (1996):
The carrying capacity is, in my view, the power of the State social forces around a development perspective. Refers, therefore, the political decision about the social objectives and design strategies consistent with such purposes.
The term substantive democracy, which comes from the political struggle between classes, would be intrinsically linked to the issue of social democracy, that is, the realization of the distribution of the material conditions of survival and rise in the social scale (health, education, employment, housing, among many others).
[...] Even social democracy, and in particular Sweden, are freed of these changes. The political-economic and institutional framework that combined the Social Democratic Party - SAP - the Trade Union Confederation of Workers Manuals - LO - and that for a long time, maintained a close relationship between the economic and social development processes in Sweden, begins is cracked from the eighties. This change is intrinsically related to major changes in the international scene, who are allied to changes in production flow and less State intervention in the market and regulation of social democratic commitment. [...]
[...] The state is the "organization for the preservation of production conditions and, as such, the conditions of existence and operation of the unit of production method and training" (Poulantzas, 1977). Thus, democracy and capitalism do not occur in isolation. The intervention of the social-democratic state is a guarantor factor on the one hand, better distribution of the conditions of the goods produced in society and on the other, the reproduction of capital. The state is ultimately the center of politics. [...]
[...] The social-democratic state is that political cooperation. In it, the workers consent to the existence of capital and income in order to obtain benefits in the near future and at the same time, the capitalists accept certain standards of conduct of workers - union, the right to strike, collective bargaining, among others, as a means to maintain a certain balance between capitalism and democracy. The example of Scandinavian social democracy symbolizes this statement, especially in Sweden, where the social democratic breakthrough came with greater consistency. [...]
[...] The long crisis of the transition from liberalism. Folha de Sao Paulo 21 January 1996. [...]
[...] Through constitutional mechanisms, and institutional sure that during a given period, has been the holding of elections, but on the other hand, there is, in a democratic environment, the certainty or a commitment to a particular party or candidate win the elections. Similarly, there is this uncertainty during the election process, where the political forces involved are not sure, nor the institutional guarantee, whether a political force will come out victorious after the elections. Similarly, it is important to have an institutional and substantive commitment to the election results. [...]
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