South Africa, Effective African colonization , Boers
Effective African colonization began with the Dutch at first were very friendly relations, becoming violent later. The Dutch also called Boers found several foci of resistance as the Hottentots, Bushmen and further north the Xhosa (were farmers, practiced animal husbandry, possessed large tracts of land and livestock), its development was a full plate for the Dutch. Although attempting to react not succeed and foreign rule prevailed.
The Netherlands remained exploring the territory until the late eighteenth century, when England intervened in the region to have a more developed industrialization, and to that people imposing its politics and economy, the Boers and the British could not live in the same territory, hence the Boers leave for the north. When we arrived yet found more resistance, in the year 1839, founded the Republic Christmas Independent. The British considered the Boers as his subjects and annexed to British rule the newly founded region, occurring once again a new immigration.
This competition for acquisition of territory only ends in 1852, when England recognizes the independence of the Dutch republic.
England was allied to the tribes in the form of treaties, it does not require them to nothing but would gradually imposing and changing the habits of other people by selling them the fruit products of the Industrial Revolution and causing conflicts between them.
[...] In the year 1948, when Daniel Malan takes power in South Africa several racial segregation laws were imposed, implementing apartheid, among them are: Law of Mixed Marriages Ban, 1949; Law of Immorality (some items were added, that existing law); Law Pools Areas (reserved to black specific areas so he could reside); Population Registry Law (classified genetically individuals and then separates them in society) Pass Laws (1850) non-white had information about you and the permission for the period of movement in European areas; Suppression of Communism Act: banned the South African Communist Party and Communist ranked any doctrine that subvert the established order in South Africa, that is, if the blacks, mestizos and Indians were organized against the separation imposed by whites, suffer severe penalties. Separate Amenities Act of Book (1953) consolidated apartheid in filling stations, cinemas, hotels, squares, parks, beaches, swimming pools and other leisure venues, until even the schools participating in the separation. The apartheid regime was so strict that the Minister of Labour, could set aside a certain class of work only for black, or prescribing the percentage of Africans who could hire a white. [...]
[...] Africans: every person a member of a race or Indian tribe in Africa and accepted as such. Color group: people who are not members of white or African group The color group also receives a treatment better than the African, but this does not imply that he had privileges, the apartheid regime was not being prepared and tax day for the night, quite the opposite was being well prepared so that nothing went wrong and all white privilege are maintained, that since the arrival of the Dutch in the region. [...]
[...] All these laws have left when they moved in any way to eliminate apartheid, quite the contrary it continued to exist, and never ceased to be the means of social division, still existed for a long time and when they were not these measures were other restricting of anyway. REFERENCES BUARQUE, Cristovam. What is apartheid: the social apartheid in Brazil. Sao Paulo: Brasiliense Comitini, Carlos. Africa burns: struggles of African peoples for freedom. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Codecri 1980. CORNEVIN, Marianne. [...]
[...] England was allied to the tribes in the form of treaties, it does not require them to nothing but would gradually imposing and changing the habits of other people by selling them the fruit products of the Industrial Revolution and causing conflicts between them. Gold was discovered in the Transvaal and Orange diamond in these two regions were recognized as independent of England, it has modified the structure of the region, especially in the economy. Many European immigrants arrived in the region, but the Boers wanted the gold and diamond just for you, because they considered themselves the owners of the land, and do not wish to change the aspect of agriculture, which took its survival. [...]
[...] Fight between Britain and the Boer population, descendant of Dutch settlers and founders of the independent republics of Transvaal and Orange, in the northeast of South Africa The conflict lasting from 1899 to 1902, begins with the attempt British Crown to attach the two republics, rich diamond deposits, gold and iron. The Boers, who occupy the region since 1830, struggling to preserve their independence. The British see in this nationalism a threat to the domination of the United Kingdom South Africa. The principle is the supremacy of the Boers, the war begins. Invade the Cape Colony, and besiege important cities and attach British territories. But in 1902, happens the English offensive. The British superiority in men and weapons defeat the Boers. [...]
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