Bad working conditions can affect people and lead them to commit suicide. For example, in France between 300 and 400 suicides per year are directly linked to working conditions. Through poor working conditions we mean three major trends, which exert a bad pressure on the way people work. The macro-economic situation carried out an insecurity feeling as regards unemployment. Workers must constantly give their utmost in order to safeguard their job. They fear losing their job that's why they accept going through high level of pressure provided they preserve their job. However, by doing so more and more workers exceed their limits and fall in depression. Moreover, workers currently evolve within an ever more demanding environment. They must face imposed overtime and reduced break times. Such a situation exerts a constant pressure on workers, which can feel stressed by their working conditions. Recent sociological evolutions are deeply transforming the way people used to work. Indeed, in our current society people work in a individualistic way. As a result relationships within most companies are worsening. Workers suffer from a lack of communication within companies, which can affect their psychological state of mind.
[...] Les facteurs culturels et sociaux dans l'environnement des travailleurs japonais qui influent sur le taux de suicide M. Yoneyama nous a affirmé que le travail est le premier cercle d'identité de l'individu japonais. Le milieu professionnel passe avant la famille. Ce facteur explique largement les constats évoqués dans le premier point. Auparavant, un employé en difficulté n'hésitait pas à en parler à ses collègues obtenait automatiquement leur soutient financier, matériel et/ou moral. Aujourd'hui, l'entreprise n'est plus le lieu de la communication et de la convivialité. [...]
[...] C'est pourquoi nous cherchons à comprendre la perception du suicide dans deux pays différents, la France et le Japon. - Nous choisissons d'étudier le suicide au travail pour introduire une dimension managériale dans notre étude. En effet, quel lien pouvons-nous établir entre la culture managériale d'un pays, ie la façon de diriger une entreprise et ses équipes, et le suicide commis pour des motifs professionnels. Cet entretien a pour but de nous aider à mieux comprendre la société japonaise grâce à votre perception. [...]
[...] Such methods are very difficult to implement in countries where work used to be overprotected like in France and Japan. Moreover, the rules of the game are sometimes delivered in the last moment. An article about IBM illustrates this problem. The “Personnel Business Commitment” (Pbc) is a tool to check whether IBM workers have fulfilled their objectives and if individual purposes match the company's. People are given a mark between 4 to 1 being the worse mark) which defines their salaries or even lay-offs. [...]
[...] In France the population that commits suicide at work are in general factory-workers, they have low paid salaries, they have a difficulties and exhausting work and have problems dealing with it. We have mostly noticed that French workers who commit suicide are more concerned by numerous facts in their every day life (an accumulation of little problems that becomes to much) for example the “burn of nurses that are working a lot; their average work life time is about ten years whereas in Japan the suicide at work seems to be linked with a more sudden event (loss of an important contract, bad negotiations, unemployment). [...]
[...] It can generate a situation of stress among them and thus threaten their mental health Reactions in front of such a situation In France as well as in Japan, measures do exist to prevent stress at work and suicides but there are underused because suicide still is a taboo subject and people hardly dare to speak about their problems. Of course, the deployment of these measures implies the entanglement of employees to underline the problems and the listening of managers to respond to these problems. [...]
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