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15 Jan 2009

Chinese healthcare system

Essay - 3 pages - Social sciences

China has recently changed its healthcare system. After the Chinese Communist Party took control of China in 1949, they created a health care system for its peasant population. For 50 years, the communist government took care of the health needs of the country. It dictated what was necessary and...

15 Jan 2009

Ethnic cleansing

Essay - 3 pages - Social sciences

Mass violence and extreme problems have characterised the 20th Century. The ethnic cleansing in Rwanda and in Sudan only marks the most extreme recent cases. Unlike some types of warfare, genocide is always a state-organized crime. More precisely, ethnic cleansing has been defined as "the...

15 Jan 2009

Why was there a counterrevolution or counterrevolutions?

Essay - 6 pages - Social sciences

As J.C. Martin noticed, the awkward itinerary of the Comte d'Antraigues may be an outstanding example of the characteristic ambiguity of counterrevolution. After having published a scathing criticism of nobility in 1788, he turned out to be, from 1790, a strong-willed counterrevolutionary...

15 Jan 2009

Comparing the Jewish experience in Western Europe and the United States in the modern era

Essay - 7 pages - Social sciences

The United-States is a country built by immigrants, especially Jewish European immigrants. Immigrants actively participate in the elaboration of American culture. This country particularly respects ethnic and religious particularism and promotes "affirmative action" in the direction of sexual and...

15 Jan 2009

Abortion linked to international trade law

Essay - 12 pages - Social sciences

There are different kinds and different methods of abortion nowadays. The spontaneous abortion, caused by natural causes, the elective abortion, the therapeutic abortion, which deals with the safety of the physical or mental health of women and the induced abortion, practices deliberately for...

15 Jan 2009

Fear of being black. The situation of black Haitian people in the Dominican Republic

Essay - 3 pages - Social sciences

I don't have personal fears but like many of you I'm deeply afraid of extreme human behaviours. I was in Haiti and several times I heard people talk about their neighbour state, the Dominican Republic. Haiti and the Dominican Republic share the same island, Hispaniola, but they seem to...

15 Jan 2009

To what extent has the N.H.S. fulfilled its commitment to equal health care for all? - published: 15/01/2009

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

Health affects every aspect of life, and it not surprising that health care is a major focus for social concern. Governments have been aware of the importance of the population's access to health care for a very long time and began to intervene in this sense even before 1900, in helping the poor...

15 Jan 2009

Contraception as a development tool in Latin America

Essay - 9 pages - Social sciences

Family planning is “a program to regulate the number and spacing of children in a family through the practice of contraception or other methods of birth control.” This paper looks at the relationship between the three components of the Human Development Index, respectively...

15 Jan 2009

Have we entered an age of religious extremism?

Essay - 2 pages - Social sciences

For many years, and especially since the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11th, public discussion has focused concern on religious extremism. Manifestation of extremism can be bigotry and intolerance, excessiveness, or transgression of defined limits by a particular group of...

15 Jan 2009

The integration of immigrant people

Essay - 4 pages - Social sciences

Canada is the second multicultural country in the world after Australia. According to Statistics Canada (2001), 18.4% of the total population in Canada was born outside the country (Caidi, N., & Allard, D. 2005). Many cultures are therefore in contact under the roof of the Canadian...

15 Jan 2009

Visions of America

Essay - 8 pages - Social sciences

As most of the exchange students who came here in Lund for one or two semesters, and who decided to attend the class on Swedish society and everyday life, I've been struck in several occasions by the Swedes, some of their behaviours or some elements of their everyday life I could barely recognize...

15 Jan 2009

To what extent does multiculturalism in developed liberal democracies adequately address the issue of religious diversity?

Essay - 9 pages - Social sciences

In recent years diversity in developed liberal democracies has deeply increased. Indeed, in European countries, as in America or in Australia many migrants came to work. Whereas the first migration movements happened within Western countries (e.g. many Italians and Poles came to France to work in...

15 Jan 2009

Gay rights in Canada and the US

Essay - 4 pages - Social sciences

From an external point of view, Canada and the United States are sometimes considered as pretty similar countries, concerning cultures and policies. However, these two countries can have very different behaviours on some issues. This is the case in the domain of gay and lesbian rights, and...

15 Jan 2009

Australian culture, between complex and suspicion?

Essay - 3 pages - Social sciences

In his review of My life as a fake, Blake Morrison makes the following observation: “Carey is fascinated by what the hoax says about Australian culture - both its “terror of being out of date” and its suspicion of European-style bullshit […].” Do you agree with Morrison's...

15 Jan 2009

The Nature of Man "early Modern" anthropological suppositions and their role in the construction of the State

Essay - 4 pages - Social sciences

The opposition between the Ancients and the Moderns is often criticized. If there is anything like this, one may find it in the opposition of natural rights. In classical natural right, the nature is an essence to be realized; it is an aim, not a presuppose of society. On the contrary, in...

15 Jan 2009

Conservative welfare states and the challenge of universal citizenship

Essay - 8 pages - Social sciences

When the newly unified Germany implemented in 1883 the first health insurance system, it paved the way for further moves towards extensive provision of public welfare for workers, but it also introduced a substantive change concerning the relationship between the state and the citizens. Basically...

15 Jan 2009

The rising Level of Xenophobia: Being a Black African Foreigner in South Africa

Essay - 6 pages - Social sciences

Despite the transition from a very authoritarian regime to a young democracy, post- Apartheid South Africa has not yet managed to get rid of the racist burden that undermines South African political life. Racism is still deeply entrenched within the South African mentality and constitutes a real...

15 Jan 2009

"Discussion about the limitations of liberal feminism with particular reference to the construction of gender and across class, race, ethnicity and religious belief

Essay - 6 pages - Social sciences

Feminist ideas and feminist politics have emerged because of the fact that in nearly all societies which divide the sexes into differing cultural, economic or political spheres, women are less valued than men (Robert Shoemaker and Mary Vincent 1998, 36-8). The current study will focus not on the...

15 Jan 2009

"What is queer theory and how does it explain the production of knowledge about sexuality?"

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

Introduction Applied to homosexuals, queer was initially a term of homophobic abuse, and while it retains that meaning, it is also now used as a neutrally descriptive term. (As an ethnic label, black has made the same semantic journey.) Queer is also provocative: a pejorative and...

15 Jan 2009

The respective cultural and social significance of the landlord, middleman and tenant in Irish life in the period 1780 - 1914

Essay - 4 pages - Social sciences

According to the Census of 1851, it appears that there were 570, 338 tenants farmers in Ireland who accounted for over half of the rural population. This census also shows that 10, 000 landlords owned most of the land. These numbers show an unfair domination of the land by...

15 Jan 2009

The characteristics of traditional French social movements

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

The events of May-June 1968 in France broke out in the wake of an international wave of protest that occurred previously in many countries such as the United States, Germany and Italy (Duyvendak 1992, 137-138). The events of 1870, 1919 and 1936 provide also many examples of disruptive and short...

15 Jan 2009

The Gender Gap in voting behaviours

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

European women first acquired the right to vote in 1906 in Finland. After the First World War, women were given the right to vote in a certain number of European countries. In the UK, it was gained in two stages: first in 1918, it was initially given to married women, women householders and women...

15 Jan 2009

The historical specificity and contemporary relevance of the concept of race

Essay - 6 pages - Social sciences

According to Rousseau, there are ‘two sorts of inequality': one is ‘natural or physical'; the other is between social groups. In order to understand an historical specificity of the concept of race, we will study how the second type of inequality was reduced to the first. In other...

15 Jan 2009

The impact of television advertisement on children

Essay - 4 pages - Social sciences

The average child is exposed to more than 40,000 television commercials a year. My focus is devoted primarily to the examination of television advertising for three reasons. Firstly, marketers who seek children for commercial purposes rely primarily on television because it is the easiest and...

15 Jan 2009

Energy policy

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

While Malthus was already painting a negative picture of the worldwide situation in 1798, he was also drawing up his famous prediction that population would outrun food supply, leading to a decrease in food per person. Indeed, there is a mathematic distortion between human reproduction rate and...

15 Jan 2009

Community festivals and events - Their role in raising awareness, generating pride and fostering a sense of belonging within socially isolated areas

Essay - 5 pages - Social sciences

Phillip Kotler's traditional definition of a product (1997) includes anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a demand. This large definition embraces goods, services, retail stores, persons, ideas and also places. Place marketing usually concerns countries, regions and big...

13 Jan 2009

Burundi: Will the heart of Africa stay poor for ever?

Essay - 11 pages - Social sciences

Burundi is a landlocked country with an equatorial climate on the east of Africa. The country is called "The heart of Africa" and it is located in a hilly and mountainous place, dropping to a plateau in the east. There are some plains but no maritime claims. Concerning its area, the country is...

13 Jan 2009

What is the importance of the public/private distinction in feminist theories?

Essay - 6 pages - Social sciences

“Liberalism has only one overriding aim: to secure the political conditions that are necessary for the exercise of personal freedom” . This is why liberal theory has been constructed around a dichotomy between the public and the private sphere: securing individual freedom....

13 Jan 2009

Liberal feminism, a white, racist bourgeois movement?

Thesis - 6 pages - Social sciences

Women have always been considered as the ‘weak sex', in opposition to the ‘strong sex' represented by men. Hence, they have always suffered from being oppressed and subordinated to men. Yet in order to be no longer discriminated against a condition which they did not chose, women...

13 Jan 2009

"The root of all chaos stems from the family". Discuss the dynamics of family conflict in two works you have studied

Essay - 3 pages - Social sciences

Aristotle based his famous works on tragedy on the analysis of what he considered to be the “perfect”, paradigm of tragedy- Sophocle's carefully Crafted Oedipus the King. The myth of Oedipus has been studied, analysed, spread worldwide and widely used by writers, even philosophers such...