The Austral continent is divided into six States and two Territories.
Sydney, the capital of New South Wales is the oldest place where Europeans settled and the biggest Australian city. The bridge of Sydney, "Harbour Bridge" and its Opera are the symbols of the city.
In 1911, Canberra was chosen as the administrative capital of Australia, it is also a State called the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).
Victoria is the smallest State of the continent but it has the densest population, Melbourne, the capital is considered as the "most English" of the Australian cities.
South Australia is famous for its wonderful landscapes, its wine and its opals, the capital is Adelaide.
Two millions people live in Western Australia, 70% of them in the capital: Perth.
There are only 200,000 inhabitants in Northern Territory, the capital is Darwin.
Although the majority of the population is from European origins, Australia is well-known as a multicultural nation. At the commencement, Australia was rather in favour of a controlled and filtered immigration, but just after World War II, the country had to open its borders to boost the economic development.
That's how millions of immigrants coming from a hundred of different countries settled in Australia.
Today, this "melting-pot" is the first characteristic of the Australian culture and society.
Australia has many assets, the "Terra Incognita" is considered as dynamic and attractive for the rest of the world.
[...] This unit managed to identify the attackers, they were all linked to each others and, as they felt to be victims of racism in Australia, they decided to take revenge on this society and raped Australian young girls (the youngest was just 13). At the end of 2000, Strike Force Sayda identified 20 cases of sexual aggressions. All these crimes were motivated by a feeling of racial hatred and were committed by men native of the near East. They all shared the same culture and religion. [...]
[...] Australia is a multicultural society which is proud of the richness of its population. Citizenship is a way of gathering the people of Australia. Every citizen shares the same aim of making Australia a united nation. Australia promises to its citizens they will have: - The right to equity and freedom from barriers based on race, ethnicity, culture, gender and other differences. - The right to participate fully in the community, and to achieve your full potential, regardless of your background. [...]
[...] At the beginning, in 1972, Whitlam's electoral campaign did not emphasize on a programme which targeted a multicultural society but finally, everybody admitted that his government really introduced the word and the first measures in the Australian political life. Whitlam appointed Al Grassby as the Minister of immigration, he also thought it was necessary to improve the situation of closely excluded persons; otherwise the society would become dual and create a lot of tensions. During the White Australia, the politicians chose the solution to exclude undesirable immigrants but Whitlam and Grassby proposed the decrease of inequalities. [...]
[...] The party defends a society “based on Christian ethics, maintenance of liberty, incentive, individual enterprise and the pursuit of excellence”. One Nation is committed to the improvement of Australians' living standard but is totally nationalist, that is to say that Australia's interests are the first aim, and only Australia born citizens are concerned, it clearly expressed its opposition to the immigrants. For One Nation, the government of Australia, as a democratic body, should be based on these values: All Australians are equal in law. [...]
[...] The evolution of immigration between 1983 and 1994 First clear definition In 1989 Hawke founded the National Agenda for Multicultural Australia and it was the first time that a federal government gave a clear definition of what was multiculturalism; the multiculturalism became one of the basic principle of the Australian society and was officially defined: Multicultural is simply a word that describes the ethnic and cultural diversity of contemporary Australia. We are and we will remain a multicultural society. As a policy, multiculturalism includes government's measures which aim at fitting in with this diversity. [...]
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