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“The postnational constellation” by J. Habermas

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  1. Introduction
  2. Theoretical explanation of the dilemmas and ambiguities of social modernization
  3. Nationalism to constitutional patriotism
    1. The question national identity
    2. Constitutional patriotism
  4. From the nation-state to the postnational constellation
    1. The end of nation-state
    2. Beyond the nation-state: The European Union
    3. A 'world domestic policy'
  5. Cosmopolitan consciousness
    1. Cosmopolitan solidarity
    2. Cosmopolitanism and human rights
  6. Postmodern philosophy
  7. Conclusion
  8. Bibliography

?The image of a post national constellation gives rise to alamrist feelings of enlightened helplessness widely observed in the political arena today? . Indeed, the ideal of cosmopolitanism is generating new controversy today with the challenges of globalization.

In The Post national Constellation, published in 1998, the renowned German philosopher Jürgen Habermas (1929) challenges the nation-state and defends the project of a cosmopolitan democracy based on the idea of a post national identity and a stronger social solidarity. His normative critique of national identity has been driven by his role as an engaged intellectual in the German public sphere. As a second generation member of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, Habermas was a student of Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno. In his wide-ranging works, he had broken with the anti-rationalist, anti-Westernist stance of the previous generation of Frankfurt theorists and taken a different route in his critical appraisal of Western institutions and rationality. Greatly influenced by the Kantian conception of rationality, Habermas believes that through reason we can understand the world and achieve enlightenment.

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