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Women's rights in Tunisia Post-2011: Constitutional Reform and Party Politics

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  1. Historical reminder: continuity and rupture of the battle for equality
    1. The 1956 Personal Status Code and some others elements of top down policy
    2. The break in 2011: when society and women recovered the debate
    3. The translation of the debate in political terms: towards a polarization of the society
  2. The conceptualization of the secularists/Islamists cleavage
    1. The injustices of the past
    2. The rise of Ennahda and the vigilance of women
  3. The consequences of the cleavage: progress, compromises and limits
    1. The progress of articles 46, 21, 34 and the deletion of article 28
    2. The dangers of the preambule's ambiguity and other articles
    3. The adoption of parity: what real effectiveness ?
    4. Progress under the new President Essebsi

Tunisia, a small country, sixty times smaller than the United States, possesses little importance at the geostrategic level and does not have a lot of natural resources. Surprisingly, it is thanks to its women's rights policy that Tunisia can claim nowadays to be a country of capital importance for the Arab world. Indeed, the country has pursued a feminist policy for more than sixty years, and has earned the role of model in this region in the eyes of the international community. The major starting point of its feminist policy is the Personal Status Code, also known as PSC, promulgated in 1956 under Bourguiba. Progress on of women's rights continued under the presidency of Ben Ali, who led an institutional feminism policy until his eviction during the Arab Spring. However, since 2011 something has changed about women's rights and feminism; the movement has been recomposed. The central question is how and why did this movement change? And what are its consequences and limits?

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