With the rise in the inmate population over the past decade brought changes with the types of punishment and has caused an increase in the demand of community-based sanctions.
To help with prison overcrowding community-based programs were put in place. Deterioration continues to chastise the criminal justice system with the increase in inmates in the prison population. A connection between institutions and community-based corrections has to be met to lower the prison population causing overcrowding.
Institutions and community-based facilities should provide criminals with punishment and rehabilitation. The violent criminals should face some type of punishment whereas the non-violent criminals should have to go through rehabilitation. If inmates were provide education, proficiency skills, and job training it would help him or her with a successful transition back in society after he or she is released. An inmate is likely to become a repeat offender without proper rehabilitation. This is an important step for criminals to take. It will also be beneficial if he or she goes for parole. The judge would have facts to look at such as working, attempting to get a GED,
[...] When a violator committed an infraction inmates were sent immediately to solitary confinement. People believed that law breakers should be punished for his or her crime when an infraction was committed. An inmate's well-being or health was not a concern to the public. Society views on crime and criminal behavior allowed for harsher sentences rather than rehabilitation. CORRECTIONS TREND 4 Looking at the sentence length for defendants there is usually a direct correlation. “When punishment dominates, laws are passed making incarceration easier to apply with provisions for longer sentences. [...]
[...] Also, the future and current issues prisons and prison administrators are developing in the different trends. Operating around two different sides, punishment versus rehabilitation is how the institutions operate. Present Trends With the rise in the inmate population over the past decade brought changes with the types of punishment and has caused an increase in the demand of community-based sanctions. To help with prison overcrowding community-based programs were put in place. Deterioration continues to chastise the criminal justice system with the increase in inmates in the prison population. [...]
[...] This has been the cause for the budget cuts in corrections within several departments. Agencies will have decrease operating efficiencies, revise policies, develop recidivism strategies for reduction, to deal with the decreasing budget cuts. The decrease in operating efficiencies will save the criminal justice system money. According to Scott-Hayward (2009), states are reducing healthcare services or joining in purchasing agreements to lower the cost of inmate pharmaceuticals. Many states have reduced corrections staff, instituted hiring freezes, reduced salaries or benefits, and/or eliminated pay increases (Scott-Hayward, 2009). [...]
[...] A.R Visions for Change: Crime and Justice in the Twenty-First Century, 5th ed. UpperSaddle River, NJ. Pearson/Prentice Hall. Prison overcrowding is a growing concern in the U.S . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://online.ccj.pdx.edu/ccj-careers-resources/criminal-justice- resources/news/prison-overcrowding-is-a-growing-concern-in-the-u-s- 800675443/ Scott-Hayward, C. S. (2009). The Fiscal Crisis in Corrections Rethinking Policies and Practices Retrieved from http://www.vera.org/files/The-fiscal- crisis-in-corrections_July-2009.pdf. [...]
[...] Another issue that prisons are facing currently is overcrowding. Several problems can arise from an overcrowded prison. Limited spacing to place inmates has caused the prisons to start double celling or even triple cell. Inmates have the right to a certain amount of space while incarcerated. Legal issues have arrived because of the prisons not meeting the space requirement. A legal case in 1981 addressed overcrowding as potentially cruel and unusual punishment ("Prison Overcrowding is a Growing Concern in the U.S.", n.d.). [...]
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