International agreements, Covid-19 vaccines, corruption risks, deadly pandemic, vaccine sales, research and development, World Health Organization, childhood diseases, anti-vaccination movement, Pfizer, Johnson and Johnson, Moderna, AstraZenecado
This situation has changed the world. Experiencing such situations require a certain level of implication and commitment on the international scale. Meaning, all the countries were henceforth concerned about this pandemic. Fever, dry cough, and exhaustion are the most prevalent Covid-19 symptoms.
For a better understanding of this work, we will discuss how the international community (all the countries) has handled this situation, especially when it comes to the vaccine (cure) aspect. In fact, we pose the main question as it follows. What is the current situation with the international sales of Covid-19 vaccines ?
[...] The fast advancement of research and development, as well as the pressing need for a vaccine, may provide opportunities for corruption, which might stymie public health initiatives. Conflicts of interest associated to the funding of Covid-19 vaccine research and development are one example of a corruption risk. There is a possibility that people working in different governments can influence the decision-making process if they are involved in a Covid-19 contract negotiation. There is a risk of corruption in what these agreements involve if there is a lack of openness. [...]
[...] In fact, it is, first of all, a business where everybody wants to sell and make a huge profit with considerable financial perspectives. So, the current situation of the sale of vaccines is totally turning to a financial investment, rather than a cure to save lives. Therefore, the sales of Covid-19 vaccine on a global scale have brought corruption in almost all steps of the vaccine conception. From the fabrication, the financing to distribution of the vaccine, the risk of corruption is present. So, the corruption is making the sale of Covid-19 vaccines not efficient and risky. [...]
[...] In fact, « A study conducted by the University College London Hospitals (UCLH) NHS Foundation Trust discovered that approximately 45 percent of UCLH healthcare workers had COVID-19 infection between April and May 2020. » In such situations, it is very indispensable to make the vaccine obligatory. The sales of Covid-19 vaccines Many types of Covid-19 vaccines appeared during and after the pandemic. Among them, we can name Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Oxford (AstraZeneca), etc. As mentioned earlier in this work, this situation as taken another aspect because, sales are being projected. [...]
[...] Another example of risk is the emergency in funding. In fact, if appropriate due diligence measures are not in place, large inflows of funding that are dispersed quickly may be vulnerable to corruption. « During the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone, for example, the Audit Service discovered a lack of documentation underlying nearly 3.3 million USD in transactions payments from the Sierra Leonean government's Ebola-directed accounts, and that 2.5 million USD in disbursements had insufficient documentation. » The Audit Service report also revealed some incoherence in this same direction. [...]
[...] To help expand access to safe and effective Covid-19 vaccinations for the general public, especially the most disadvantaged and marginalized groups, these corruption risks must be detected and reduced by public institutions. For these efforts, the United Nations Convention Against Corruption provides a worldwide solid foundation. In fact, on one hand, Covid-19 is a disease that has paralyzed the whole world. But on the other one, this is an opportunity for making money. Putting to place the most efficient vaccine that will save the world is a synonym of making money. [...]
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