Hardware manufacturers and computer users shared software during the period of 1950's, 1960's and 1970's. But, by the late 1960's, software costs had increased and the growing software industry was competing, as the hardware manufacturer's bundled software products. Towards the late 1970's and early 1980's, the software industry began taking measures to prevent users by modifying software. In 1980, the copyright law was extended to computer programs.
The GNU (General Public License) project was announced by Richard Stallman in 1983, who had become frustrated with the cultural change in the software industry. The Free Software Foundation was then founded in 1985. The GNU manifesto published by the FSF focused on the philosophy of free software.
[...] Operating System Development Linux is considered more stable in terms of Operating System Development methodologies. Windows is developed by people whose mistakes are not exposed to the outside world by Microsoft. It is considered a trade Secret. Linux on the other hand is developed by hundreds of programmers all over the world. The source code is available for any programmer, anywhere in the world to review it and modify it as and when required. There is a sense of ownership on the part of the programmers who modify the Linux and a pride factor too. [...]
[...] 91% share of the Client operating systems Linux VS Microsoft Windows Linux and Microsoft have constantly been at logger heads with each other as all competitors do. An analysis of the various aspects of software needs to be done to determine which is better: Linux or Microsoft Windows. Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) In its attempt to get users switched from Linux to Windows, Microsoft launched a marketing campaign, the Facts”. Microsoft claimed that Windows was easy to use in comparison with other open sourced software and the TCO being less. [...]
[...] Conclusion When a comparison between Windows and Linux is made, Linux looks like a better option in terms of price, stability, security and reliability. Windows, on the other hand is easy to use, supports many printers and has an easy installation procedure. Even with the above factors, Linux is not as popular as Windows, especially on the desktop front. One of the reasons for this could be that Microsoft gained dominance long ago by undercutting the competition (Mac OS) in costs. [...]
[...] Application Software Availability Linux comes with a lot of free applications when you buy a CD with the Linux software but Windows does not come with any application. Linux ISO downloads also sometimes include lot of application software. In case of Windows, any additional software needed has to be bought. Application Software Installation Installing application software under Windows is relatively easy though there is no standard procedure for it. But with Linux, the installation procedure varies with each distribution and is not as easy or simple as Windows. [...]
[...] Installation The Windows installation procedure seems easier compared to the Linux Installation procedure. There are three ways to install Windows: Clean install, upgrade install and repair install. In a clean install, an empty hard disk or an empty sector is loaded with Windows. In the upgrade install, a newer version of Windows is installed with the older OS still present. The older files and folders don't get affected. In the repair install, the same version of Windows is installed again on the older OS to fix a broken OS. [...]
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