Research on the historical development of HIV/AIDS demonstrates that the first cases of this disease can be traced back to 1978. Although AIDS had not been identified at that time, five men in different parts of the world had died from unusual, yet similar diseases. These five men were all homosexuals, each in the prime of his life. Subsequent research on the disease that killed these five men in 1978 led to the discovery of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) in 1982. By this time the number of individuals in Western countries that had died as a result of the disease was over 1,000. Thus began the epidemic of AIDS in the Western Hemisphere (So Little , 2003). As more information about AIDS and the virus that causes AIDS, HIV, became a more pervasive threat to Western health, numerous steps were taken to reduce the total impact of this condition on society. In particular, public awareness campaigns focused on condom use and the advent of AIDS drugs all served as the foundation for successfully combating the AIDS epidemic that had developed in the West. At the present time, countries such as the United States have the lowest child and adult HIV infection rate and the lowest number of deaths due to the spread of AIDS
[...] The onset of the AIDS epidemic has reduced, and in most cases, reversed the progress that has been made in this area in slightly more than a decade. In the Sub-Saharan countries, the life expectancy has now dropped below 40 years of age. In addition to the fact that women between the ages of 15 and 49 are most susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS, researchers have also noted significant increases in the number of young individuals of both genders contracting the disease. [...]
[...] With the realization that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been more controlled in developed nations, there is a clear impetus to examine why the epidemic of AIDS in Africa and, more specifically, Sub-Saharan Africa has become exacerbated to the point that an entire race of people may be decimated by this disease. Clearly modern science has given physicians and researchers the tools that they need to effectively combat this disease. Yet despite access to these tools, AIDS counties to consume the lives of millions of people in Africa, orphaning children and further plunging the continent into economic despair. [...]
[...] That is particularly true of sexually active young women, whose bodies are still developing” (Women: The face of As the number of women with the AIDS virus in Sub-Saharan Africa increases, so too do the number of children born with the disease. As such, increasing rates of AIDS among the female population only further exacerbates the devastation that occurs as a direct result of this disease. While the number of women between the ages of 15 and 49 suffering with this disease is quite staggering, the reality is that the AIDS epidemic has had a notable impact on all individuals living in Africa. [...]
[...] number of Children orphaned by AIDS Algeria 623,883 Data courtesy of: http://www.aidsandafrica.com/stats_country.htm. Table Demographic and ADIS Data by Country in Africa Country Population (000's) Population Aged 15-49 (000's) Est. number of Adults and Children living with HIV/AIDS Adult Rate Est. number of deaths due to AIDS Est. number of Children orphaned by AIDS Algeria http://www.aidsandafrica.com/2001_aids_country_data.htm. Table Demographic and ADIS Data by Country in Africa Country Population in 2004 (000's) Population Aged 15-49 in 2004 (000's) Est. number of Adults and Children living with HIV/AIDS (2003) Adult [...]
[...] When compared to the number of cases in North America— 1.2 million cases or 3 percent of the global total—it is quite evident that the AIDS epidemic in Africa has become a significant health crisis. Arguably the situation in Africa has become a critical health issue for the development of the continent. However, while the macro data clearly demonstrates that Africa has become overwhelmed by the AIDS epidemic, a closer look at the continent and the statistical data that has been collected with respect to the AIDS epidemic shows that the entire continent of Africa it not being affected by this disease. [...]
using our reader.