Medical studies

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374 results

26 Nov 2007

The Decidua

Tutorials/exercises - 4 pages - Medical studies

This tissue is the specialized, highly modified endometrium of pregnancy. The transformation of secretory endometrium to decidua is dependent upon the action of estrogen and progesterone and other stimuli provided by the implanting blastocyst (or maternal platelets) during trophoblast invasion of...

26 Nov 2007

Prementrual Syndromes

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

A variety of maladies, sometimes disabling, beset many ovulatory women in a recurrent manner during the luteal phase of each ovarian cycle. Although the biological basis for this association is not defined, evidence points to a causal relationship between progesterone secretion and withdrawal and...

26 Nov 2007

Clinical Aspects of Menstruation

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

Menstruation is the periodic discharge of blood, mucus, and cellular debris from the uterine mucosa. Menses occur at more or less regular, cyclical, and predictable intervals from menarche to menopause except during pregnancy, lactation, anovulation, or pharmacological intervention. It is...

26 Nov 2007

Delirium

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Medical studies

Delirium, a clinical syndrome characterized as an acute disorder of attention and cognitive function, is the most frequent complication of hospitalization for elders and a potentially devastating problem. Delirium often is unrecognized despite sensitive methods for its detection, and its...

20 Nov 2007

Physiology of Pregnancy

Tutorials/exercises - 4 pages - Medical studies

Endometrium/decidua is the anatomical site of blastocyst apposition, implantation, and placental development. The endometrium is the mucosal lining of the uterine cavity and the decidua is the highly modified and specialized endometrium of pregnancy. From an evolutionary perspective, the human...

19 Nov 2007

Wasting Away

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

Over the centuries, numerous scientists have devoted their lives to curing the ailments that have plagued mankind. While some diseases (such as polio) have been heroically defeated, others still kill millions of people every year. HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and Influenza, are just some of the many diseases...

19 Nov 2007

Human Pregnancy

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

Healthier mothers and babies ranks as one of the 10 great public health achievements in the United States between 1900 and 1999. At the beginning of the century, almost 1 in every 100 women giving birth in this country died of pregnancy-related complications, and nearly 1 of 10 infants died...

19 Nov 2007

Perspectives on Obstetrics

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

Medical writers have recently turned to the opening line of Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities to describe these prevailing times in medicine and obstetrics as "the best of times. . . the worst of times. . ." (Grumbach, 1999; Morrison, 2000). Why are these...

13 Nov 2007

Neuropsychiatric Aspects of Aging

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Medical studies

The process of aging produces important physiologic changes in the central nervous system, including neuroanatomic, neurotransmitter, and neurophysiologic changes. These processes result in age-related symptoms and manifestations for many older persons. These physiologic changes develop at...

23 Oct 2007

Crohn's Disease

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

Crohn's Disease is a form of ileitis, or inflammation of the ileum, which is the terminal portion of the small intestine. It is characterized by abdominal pain, ulceration, and fibrous tissue buildup in the terminal portion of the ileum. This is a relatively new disease, with proper medical...

23 Oct 2007

Bacterial transformation lab report

Case study - 2 pages - Medical studies

Bacterial transformation is the transforming of a bacterial cell using plasmids spliced with various types of DNA from other cells (Miyazaki, 201). Instead of a nucleus with chromosomes, bacterial cells have one large circular chromosome in their cell. They also have much smaller rings of DNA...

23 Oct 2007

Osmolarity and Body Volume

Case study - 3 pages - Medical studies

Water comprises a very large part of an organism's body. The delicate balances within the systems of an organism involve the concentrations of, to name a few, Na+, K+, Cl-, and Ca2+ salts (Dilger and Collins, p. 9). There are two types of fluids within organisms; the ICF (intracellular fluid) and...

23 Oct 2007

Frog CV Lab Report

Case study - 3 pages - Medical studies

One of the most important organs in the body is the heart. Of course, this organ is of great importance not only in humans but in all vertebrates. Blood, which carries nutrients, oxygen, and wastes from organ to organ within the body is pumped by the heart. Without the heart's pumping action,...

23 Oct 2007

Reflex Physiology Lab Report

Case study - 4 pages - Medical studies

Our experiment was concerned with the reflex response in humans, and how it compares to a voluntary neural pathway as well as how it is enhanced by what is known as the Jendrassik Maneuver. Our hypothesis was that the reflex response would be faster than the voluntary response, and that with the...

09 Oct 2007

Bacterial Transformation

Case study - 2 pages - Medical studies

The process of genetic transformation is an important tool used in biotechnology. It has been used in agriculture to create plants that are resistant to different kinds of conditions. In medicine it is being used to try and create bacteria that produce insulin which can be used to treat diabetes....

09 Oct 2007

Lab report on reflexology

Case study - 8 pages - Medical studies

Reflexes are the body's involuntary responses to various stimuli. They are controlled in large part by the human nervous system which has three main functions: sensory input, integration, and motor output. Sensory input is due to sensory receptors throughout the body collecting information about...

02 Oct 2007

Reflex Physiology

Case study - 5 pages - Medical studies

A human specimen can contain a number of involuntary responses (responses not consciously controlled) to outside stimuli; science calls this response a reflex. Some reflexes disappear as e mature into adults, such as suckling, grasp reflex, Moro reflex and several others (Wikipedia, the Free...

28 Sep 2007

The Goodness of Meat

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

Imagine a life where people are weak and constantly ill. Imagine everyone being bed ridden and unable to operate the human body at the level appreciated today. By removing meat from a diet, this is a scenario that becomes a real life horror movie. Eating meat is an essential part of everyone's...

26 Sep 2007

Neuropathic Pain

Essay - 33 pages - Medical studies

Neuropathic pain is defined as pain in association with nerve injury or dysfunction. It may be triggered by numerous insults including direct nerve injury, infection, metabolic dysfunction, autoimmune disease, neoplasm, drugs, and neurovascular disorders. It may reflect the...

26 Sep 2007

Narcolepsy

Essay - 33 pages - Medical studies

Disorder of unknown etiology characterized by excessive sleepiness typically associated with cataplexy and other REM sleep phenomena, such as sleep paralysis and hypnagogic hallucinations. Commonly misconceived as representing low intelligence and/or poor motivation. Syndrome frequently...

26 Sep 2007

Nicotine Addiction

Essay - 33 pages - Medical studies

70.3 million Americans above 12 years reported current use of tobacco (59.9 million were cigarette smokers, 13.7 million smoked cigars, 7.2 million used smokeless tobacco, 1.8 million smoked pipes). In the past month, 4 million American adolescents have used a tobacco product. ...

26 Sep 2007

Gastritis

Essay - 30 pages - Medical studies

The stomach is a type of storage facility that receives all the things we ingest. Internally, it is lined by the mucosa, a pink layer similar to the one that we have in our mouth. Gastritis is a inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it can have different meanings and be understood by different...

26 Sep 2007

Assesment of Normal Pregnancy

Essay - 48 pages - Medical studies

The diagnosis of pregnancy is usually made on the basis of a history of amenorrhea, an enlarging uterus, and a positive pregnancy test. Nausea and breast tenderness are also often present. It may be crucial to diagnose pregnancy before the first missed menstrual period to prevent exposure...

26 Sep 2007

Drugs, Cigarette Smoking & Alcohol During Pregnancy

Essay - 26 pages - Medical studies

Teratogenicity has been established for only a few drugs, but many more are still not proved to be safe for use during pregnancy. The physician should have a good reason for prescribing any drug early in pregnancy, or indeed during the last half of the menstrual cycle, when any fertile, sexually...

26 Sep 2007

Prenatal Care

Essay - 45 pages - Medical studies

Prenatal care as we know it today is a relatively new development in medicine. It originated in Boston in the first decade of this century. Before that time, the patient who thought she was pregnant may have visited a physician for confirmation but did not visit again until delivery was imminent....

26 Sep 2007

Normal Pregnancy

Essay - 27 pages - Medical studies

Pregnancy (gestation) is the maternal condition of having a developing fetus in the body. The human conceptus from fertilization through the eighth week of pregnancy is termed an embryo; from the eighth week until delivery, it is a fetus. For obstetric purposes, the duration of pregnancy...

26 Sep 2007

Calculation of Gestational Age and Estimated Date of Confinement

Essay - 26 pages - Medical studies

After the diagnosis of pregnancy is made, it is imperative to determine the duration of pregnancy and the estimated date of confinement (EDC). Normally, human pregnancy lasts 280 days or 40 weeks (9 calendar months or 10 lunar months) from the last normal menstrual period (LNMP). This may...

18 Sep 2007

Adenosis

Essay - 22 pages - Medical studies

Adenosis is a term used to describe nonepithelialized columnar glandular epithelium in the vagina. At ~15th week of embryological development, the Mullerian system, which forms the upper 2/3 of the vagina, fuses with the invaginating cloaca, which forms the lower vagina. Squamous...

18 Sep 2007

Vaginismus (the inability of a woman to withstand penetration)

Essay - 20 pages - Medical studies

Involuntary painful contraction of perineal muscles and levator ani prior to or during vaginal intercourse. The experience of or even the anticipation of pain on vaginal entry causes these muscles to contract, occluding the vaginal opening and causing further pain when penetration is attempted....

18 Sep 2007

Vitiligo

Essay - 28 pages - Medical studies

An acquired, slowly progressive depigmenting condition in small or large areas of the skin due to the disappearance of previously active melanocytes Focal (including segmental) vitiligo: 1 to a few scattered macules, occasionally in a dermatomal distribution Generalized vitiligo:...

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