Bolivia experiences a level of micronutrient deficiencies strong enough to cause concern for the health and development of its population. Iron and vitamin A deficiencies affect the scope of the population, with a particularly strong toll on rural areas. These deficiencies are fundamental to health and growth, and are a major risk factor for the incidence and magnitude of most infectious, diarrheal, and respiratory diseases. Although vitamin A and iron deficiencies generate grave consequences, they can be avoided by straightforward supplementation and fortification methods. Intervening through supplementation and fortification will have a profoundly positive effect, so long as issues of cost, compliance, availability of resources and program reach are managed. Despite its logistical barriers, supplementation and fortification offer the most effective and pervasive solution for defeating micronutrient deficiencies in Bolivia.
[...] Apart from their specific and individual effects, nutritional status in general is a considerable risk factor for the incidence and severity of diarrheal, infectious, and respiratory diseases Micronutrient deficiencies increase mortality rate, reduce or impair mental capacity and development, increase risk of disease severity, and reduce the ability to be a productive member of society. The burden of micronutrient deficiencies is efficacious, representing 19% of child deaths worldwide Poor nutritional status is the single greatest risk factor for disease burden, and has a negative impact on almost every significant aspect of a developing country Specifically, vitamin A and iron deficiencies have poignant bodily consequences. [...]
[...] “Micronutrient deficiency- an underlying cause of morbidity and mortality.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization Vol 81, no p “Bolivia Geography and Facts.” 1Up Travel Oct 2004.
[...] Micronutrient deficiencies affect and predict the health of the Bolivian population, yet in order to successfully overcome these issues, the population must first support the intervention themselves. Probably one of the most inherent qualities of any design of public health intervention is that the “consumers” believe the product to be beneficial to them. This involves education, empowerment, social learning and self-efficacy towards their actions. Some sense of social marketing must be a central factor in this public health intervention. Social marketing can serve as the median between health behaviors and local (culture, social, environmental) discrepancies, bridging the gap between information and action. [...]
[...] “Perspectives from Micronutrient Malnutrition Elimination/ Eradication Programmes.” MMWR. CDC. Washington, D.C.: 31 Dec 1999. Vol 48(SUo1), p. 37-42. Berger Aguayo VM, Tellez Lujan Traissac San Miguel JL. “Weekly iron supplementation is as effective as 5 days per week iron supplementation in Bolivian school children living in high altitude.” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1997: 51; p. 381-6. a glance: Bolivia.” UNICEF Oct 2004.
[...] “Micronutrient deficiency- an underlying cause of morbidity and mortality.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization Vol 81, no p “2002 World Development Indicators.” World Bank
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