Lyme disease, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, prevention, rashes, Borrelia burgdorferi, Alfred Buchwald, Arvid Afzelius, Burgdorfer, Deer Tick, Ixodes Scapularis, black-legged ticks, Ixodes Pacifcus
Lyme disease begins as an infection caused by black-legged ticks. Usually living in wooded areas such as forests, these ticks can attach themselves to the skin of humans and bite them, infecting them a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi (CDC 2008). Several days or weeks after such a bite, a person usually begins to develop ringed rashes around the bitten area. These rashes can be painful and can cause swelling, however this is not always the case.
[...] This rash, expanding reddish is often-associated with “flu-like symptoms” (www.medicinenet.com 2008). There are usually three phases to Lyme disease, which include early localized disease (skin inflammation), early disseminated disease (with heart and nervous system), and late disease (leading to motor and sensory nerve damage and brain inflammation as well as arthritis) (www.medicinenet.com 2008). The early phase, which usually occurs several weeks after the time, occurs with rashes and lesions occurring around the area of the bite, often resembling a “bull's eye.” Not all patients get the rash, whoever there is usually redness of the skin, a feeling of “fatigue, muscle and joint stiffness, swollen glands, and headache resembling symptoms of a virus infection” (www.medicinenet.com 2008). [...]
[...] Lyme disease follows a cycle of feeding and remaining relatively inactive. The late spring and summer are usually the peak time for transmission, since many people tend to travel through forests during this time. Another reason why transmission occurs during this time is that young ticks, in their attempt to grow and develop, have an enormous hunger for animal (or human) blood. There are three feeding stages of a tick, which live for about two years: larvae, nymph and adult. [...]
[...] Lyme disease: History, Causes & Transmission, Effects & Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prevention Introduction Lyme disease begins as an infection caused by black-legged ticks. Usually living in wooded areas such as forests, these ticks can attach themselves to the skin of humans and bite them, infecting them a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi (CDC 2008). Several days or weeks after such a bite, a person usually begins to develop ringed rashes around the bitten area. These rashes can be painful and can cause swelling, however this is not always the case. [...]
[...] Therefore, maps should be looked at to determine whether or not the area is prone to Lyme disease. In 2002, there was a vaccine against Lyme disease called Lymerix, but it is no longer commercially viable. (www.medicinenet.com 2008), and there are no such vaccinations on the market. Conclusion Lyme disease can be a very dangerous disease, but only if the right steps are not taken to treat it. If one makes a conscious attempt to prevent being bitten by ticks, it will usually be enough to prevent the disease. [...]
[...] If a person has recently visited a forested area and has developed rashes or ringed lesions, it would be a good idea to get tested for Lyme disease and take the proper mediation. References Buskirk, Josh Van & Richard S. Ostfeld Controlling Lyme disease by Modifying the Density and Species Composition of Tick Hosts.” Ecological Society of America 1133-1140. “Learn about Lyme disease.” [Updated 2016] Center for Disease Control and Prevention Website. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/Lyme/ Shiel, William C. Jr., MD, FACP, FACR. “Lyme disease” [Updated 2016]. Medicinenet.com Website. Available from: http://www.medicinenet.com/lyme_disease/article.htm “Where did Lyme disease Come From? [...]
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