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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) - Globule business environment

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documents in English
case study
3 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
  3. The "eclectic" approach
    1. Criticism
  4. Product Life Cycle theory
  5. Conclusion

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been traditionally defined to mean a firm or a corporation from one nation investing physically into building a manufacturing factory in another country. The direct investment in physical structures such as buildings and equipments distinguishes FDI from portfolio investment that is a form of indirect investment. It may also include gaining a long-term management interest in a foreign firm. Other aspects of investment such as construction of a facility, purchasing a foreign firm, joint ventures or forming an alliance with a local company and investing in its technological needs may be regarded as FDI (Blaine 2008).

Phenomenal changes in technology, opening up of international trade through liberalization of investment policies, regulations, and tariffs, and changes in capital markets have influenced FDI (Moosa 2002). Moreover, management of FDI has been made possible by development of new information and communication systems as well as reduced international travel costs. The essay explores which theory between Dunning's OLI Paradigm or Vernon's Product Life Cycle theory portrays a better description of manufacturing FDI from developed states companies to developing states.

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