Modern expression of art, Marcel Breuer, biography, architect, International Style, Bauhaus school, Wassily Chair, Whitney Museum of American Art, Atlanta Central Library, Flaine Ski Resort, Alan I W Frank House, Hagerty House, UNESCO Headquarters, St. John's Abbey, Ariston Hotel, IBM Laboratory
Marcel Breuer, born May 1902 in Hungary, was a furniture designer, architect, and modernist. Breuer was among the most leading champions of the "International Style". Marcel Breuer concentrated on using new methods and newly advanced technology to generate an expressive art of an industrial era. He expanded sculptural expressions he acquired in a carpentry workshop at Bauhaus into an exclusive architecture (Ahmed & Suman, 2014). This invention made him the most prominent architect of the 20th-century design worldwide. Marcel Breuer was also a tutor at the Bauhaus, Pacesetter in metal-tube furniture, designed buildings, interiors, and furniture.
[...] As World War II emerged in 1935, Breuer departed from Germany. He initially relocated to London and then later to the U.S in 1937, where he got employed by Joseph Hudnut as a teacher in the newly established design school at Harvard Graduate with Walter Gropius. His experimentations with tubular steel in his time resulted in various innovative furniture (Leatherbarrow & Wesley, 2014). Thus he began a highly successful profession in U.S as an architect. His structures comprise of single-family houses, corporate offices, museums, churches, and university facilities. [...]
[...] The home had a fitted cupboard joined between the studio space and the bedroom and between the dining room and the kitchen. This house was exclusively fitted with furniture from Marcel Breuer alongside other products from Bauhaus. Breuer designed much of the furniture, and his “tubular steel chairs” were used all through. Hagerty House The Hagerty House in Cohasset, Massachusetts, was built in 1938. When this L-shaped, minimalist modern building was first constructed on the Massachusetts coastline, people likened it to the “ladies wing at Alcatraz”. Many years later, visitors are still visiting to explore the Gropius/Breuer-inspired collaboration. [...]
[...] The philosophy of Breuer should be implemented because of its diversity and all-encompassing strategy. The approach ensures everyone from the low class to high class has an opportunity to enjoy the various designs which are developed for modern living. Current architects ought to learn from Breuer, who was keen enough to ensure his products were accommodative to all people. Also, having different designs to choose from gives people an opportunity to make conscious decisions in regards to their preference. How it changed the future The future of design in construction and furniture has significantly transformed. [...]
[...] The structure appears like one sculptured from a complete block of concrete. Atlanta Central Library The Atlanta Central Library was the last building that Breuer designed in Atlanta He was very sick, and therefore did not attend the dedication service. The Atlanta Central Library appeared to be an advancement of the shapes and style used in the Whitney Museum, a sculptural building of cubes right angles (Song, 2015). The well-ventilated shapes, mixed with the dense massing of concrete, made the chief custodian of architecture Barry Bergdoll, of the Museum of Modern Art, to relate to this kind of construction as the “invention of heavy lightness.” Flaine Ski Resort Located in Haute-Savoie, France, Flaine Ski Resort was built in 1969. [...]
[...] Song, H. (2015). Facade-poche as a Spatialized Surface; The Thickened Window-walls of Late Modern Architecture. SPACE, 121-131. Ventura, J., & Shvo, G. (2016). Breaking the language of design: semioclastics in the world of industrial design. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 222-233. Ventura, J., & Shvo, G. (2016). Breaking the language of design: semioclastics in the world of industrial design. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 222-233. [...]
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