Increasing international communications in volume and diversity (physical or virtual)
as well as increasing threats (terrorism, piracy...) appeal for a need to identify individuals. Indeed, important issues raise the numbers of terrorists, criminals and so on. People can prove their identity through what they own (objects), what they know (immaterial passes) and what they are (Biometrics). Many access controls fail because they use classical tools to identify people and grant them access, i.e. card, key, password... The fact is that people tend to accumulate codes and finally forget them, they can lose their keys as well, and their passes can be stolen: identification should be based on individuals' characteristics. Biometrics are the real-time identification of a person by measuring his/her unique and particular characteristics and comparing them to a database. The physiological category tends to be more reliable because these characteristics are better resistant to stress and are less prone to change during your lifetime (a face will vary with the age of an individual for example, but fingerprints, iris, voice, DNA, blood...are very stable).
[...] However, retailers should implement biometrics technology and install biometric scanners. This would give them the relative advantage over other retailers, as they would be able to recognize each customer uniquely. This valuable information could be used by businesses for individual marketing campaigns. By providing convenience and security through biometrics, businesses, merchants and service providers would gain trust among their existing customers and would certainly attract new ones, and therefore expanding and increasing their revenues and promote their business. In auto-industry, biometric sensors installed in automobiles could identify the driver, adjust the mirrors, seat position and climate control. [...]
[...] Some examples of where biometrics are being trialled out are at school, airports such as Gatwick in England, banks, universities, with its main objective of heightening security. The results of biometrics success are not clearly visible due to its complexity, however consumers are able to read about its growing success in forms of the media Applications The three market leaders are NEC with a 60% market share revenue this year, and SagemMorpho and Motorola who develop, produce and implement their own systems. [...]
[...] On the other hand, the user must cooperate as one would for fingerprint verification Adoption of Biometrics "Biometrics is emerging as the fastest growing segment of the North American EAC Market, benefiting tremendously from legislation such as the Aviation and Security Transport Act" (Zalud, August 2007). According to Adoption Curve (Rogers, 2007; see appendix we have placed biometrics at the early adopters' stage, this is because it is not fully mainstreamed into the market at the moment but is gradually being implemented as a form of Identification by many companies as they start to gain a better understanding of Biometrics systems and how they work and their implications. [...]
[...] Biometrics allows also Identification of individuals the system looks for the signature of the individual among lots of profiles into the database to identify him/her. It answers the question: "Who am The main technologies The main biometric technologies are fingerprint of the market + 34% for AFIS / Live-Scan or Automated Fingerprint Identification System1), face recognition and iris scanning (see appendices 2 and 3). Fingerprint (initiated in the 14th century, but first use for identification purpose in 1892) Fingerprint verification is the most established and mature biometric technology. [...]
[...] These are all issues that need to be addressed and worked on, as at the present moment biometrics is still neither perfectly accurate nor secure, although its error rates are much lower than traditional methods of identification. Therefore consumer confidence and trust is something that will increase over time, as more information is available about its effectiveness and how it will benefit the user Advantages Biometrics, being the new high tech innovation, brings with it certain advantages like high identification accuracy rates and convenience. [...]
using our reader.