In modern societies it is easy to recognise that consuming drugs is an every day reality; not only taking heroin or marijuana, but also smoking, taking painkillers, having a coffee, a tea or abusing of alcohol for Saturday as a required Saturday night obligation. The illegal drug market remains a major income of the international but also national organised crime. Obviously, so could be said about the market of so-called legal drugs which involve the main pharmaceutical firms, or the powerful producers of tobacco, alcohol. My study will tend mainly to focus on the impact of the illegal drugs. Transporting, producing, dealing, consuming any kind of illegal substances is only a part of the offences drugs can induce. Entering the web of drug can lead to a lot of different sorts of violent, sometimes desperate behaviours like assaulting or prostituting to fund the demanding habit. Drug related offences can never be considered as a single local event, without connecting it with its environmental reality. Of course the reality of the individuals involved is more than relevant to the study of this plague, but it is important to understand the links of this special addict with the surrounding society. Behind the dealer of the neighbourhood or the provider of ecstasy in the next door college, lies the worldwide structure making it possible.
[...] II- Drug related offences : a worldwide plague A -The state of the world: datas Like many forms of organised crime, the drugs market can be likened to a legitimate business. Hazel Croall like many recognises that is a multi- million pound, global industry dominated by highly organised criminal syndicates”. The Drugs business may not be characterized by monopolistic control, but it has to be admitted that it does involve criminal cartels and conspiracies, which in turn may involve “legitimate” actors. However these so-called syndicates are relatively few, and the industry largely consists of smaller enterprises where each one is affected with a specific function in the web. As a plague world widely implemented, this global business has been studied by the United Nations. [...]
[...] Moreover, confirming the previous report, it affirms that the drug related crime in the UK is rising, and in some part of the country has doubled.The report presents a range of data concerning the state of the country in the drug issue: A hardcore of offenders in ten- commit an average of 240 offences a year to fund their drug habit. In fact, they are supposed to raise half a billion pounds through crime as a mean of funding as another report by the Audit Commission revealed it. 76% of those arrested admitted to taking at least one illegal drug in the previous year. [...]
[...] III -Efforts to reduce drug related crimes A - A worldwide fight Attempting to fight alone, as a single state, against the diffusion of drugs and drug defined offences on its territory would appear completely absurd. Of course, local initiatives are unavoidable, and even crucial to cope with the daily threat of the drug misusing consequences. However, closing the eyes on the realities of this global market where the interests involve such an amount of money and men, would lead to the uselessness of any policy. [...]
[...] In the year ending March 2003, the total number of drug offences recorded by the police was 141,116 - a 16% rise over the previous year.” The strategy focuses on the most dangerous drugs, the most damaged communities and individuals whose addictions are the most harmful. The total annual spend is of nearly 1.5 billion pounds for 2005 Recently, other tools have been set up: The Criminal Justice Intervention Programme which emphasises the importance of early treatment for the drug offenders to break the connection between drugs and crime. [...]
[...] The recent history of the heroin spread is quite interesting to understand the historical connection of this drug and crime. By the early twentieth century, opium and its derivatives, morphine and heroin, had become a major global commodity equivalent in scale to other drugs such as coffee and tea. However in England and America a moral reaction to these excesses emerged. The expansion of drugs abuse inspired a global anti-opium movement. Individuals control over their body was privileged, notably with the passage of the Harrison's Narcotics Act in 1914 in the American state. [...]
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