If developing countries have to cope with many handicaps setbacks as well as in terms of political development, then one of the main plagues that seriously affects these countries is the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Indeed, 40 million people worldwide are infected with HIV. Among them, 95% live in developing countries. HIV/AIDS has killed more than twenty million people worldwide in the past twenty five years, and AIDS is the leading cause of death in Africa and the fourth most prominent cause of death worldwide. More precisely, women are increasingly infected by HIV/AIDS, representing 57% of the persons infected, and thirteen million children are orphaned by HIV/AIDS. In an effort to fight this outbreak, organizations of people are mobilizing to bring an efficient response to the consequences of the infection, and to slow down and reverse the spread of the disease.
[...] Human Rights Watch, Published on October read on November Joseph Amon, Human Rights Watch Honours Ugandan AIDS Activist http://hrw.org/english/docs/2006/10/26/uganda14405.htm Human Rights Watch, Published on October read on November Home page HIV, human rights and law http://www.unaids.org/en/Issues/Impact_HIV/hivHRlaw.asp, UNAIDS, read on November Fighting AIDS Http://www.theglobalfund.org/fr/ The Global Fund to fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Read on November http://www.unaids.org/en Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Read on November LE PROJET SID'ESPOIR http://www.id-ong.org/ Initiative et Développement Read on November AIDS in the perspective of Human Rights, by George Ulrich, Danish Center for Human Rights in AIDS and development prospects and constraints, report from April 1999 Copenhagen Seminar, The Danish Society of Tropical Medicine, DANIDA and Te Enreca Health Network p 84. [...]
[...] They insist on the need to remove human rights violations against people with AIDS and on the equally urgent need for people living with HIV/AIDS to have access to care and treatment. Thus, it is important to recognize the necessary connection between AIDS and Human Rights and to what extent the fight against AIDS can efficiently promote Human Rights and Development advances. It assists in building a climate of respect for human rights order to eradicate discriminatory practices which are contrary to international law.” How do the actors involved in the fight against AIDS take part in the Human Rights promotion and in the development? [...]
[...] Complying with international Human Rights standards, governments have to provide an “enabling environment” for the care and support given by communities and organisations fighting against AIDS. That includes advances in the legal sector and in national policies in “human priority concerns” such as education, health, safe drinking water, and in human development. Governments then create the conditions in which AIDS prevention and care can succeed and lead to development progress. AIDS is only a public health crisis but also a threat to societies”. [...]
[...] “Although some positive measures at the national level to promote and protect human rights in the context of HIV/AIDS are in place, a dramatic gap exists between professed policy and implementation on the ground” . Only programs that start with respect of Human Rights can be successful. II) The contribution of AIDS programs in development and Human Rights advances Taking the example of the Non Governmental Organisations involved in the fight against HIV/AIDS, they are at risk of subordination to funds holders which could lead to ethical problems and limited operational capacities. [...]
[...] Chapter The challenge of implementation, UNAIDS, Geneva P37-42 AIDS, poverty reduction and debt relief, a toolkit for mainstreaming HIV/AIDS programmes into development instruments, The national AIDS programme as a contribution to poverty reduction, UNAIDS, Geneva P11-17 International guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights by the Office of the United Nation, the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva 120p L'ONUSIDA et les organisations non gouvernementales, UNAIDS, Geneva 14p Le VIH et les droits de l'homme, directives internationales, Haut Commissariat aux droits de l'homme (HCDH) et ONUSIDA, Geneva 35p NGO Summary of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, ICASO (International Council of AIDS Service Organizations) for UNAIDS, September 1999. [...]
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