First, China as a growing power in the world is a country which fuels many observations and issues. And as a student in political science I need to learn more about the Asian miracle and obviously what the main obstacles remain in the Chinese race to modernity. Then, we had the opportunity, during the course of International Journalism, to listen to a presentation by a PhD student (in communication) from China, who seemed to have a very balanced opinion about the media in his home country. Finally, I've just watched a very good documentary directed by Anthony Thomas called The tank man (2006), which deals with the media in China and the freedom of the press. The Banff World TV Festival rewarded that documentary in 2007. The Chinese government continues the privatization of the media and maintains its severe repression of the reform oriented journalists. The newspaper industry, placed for the first time in competition, risks criticism, but the Propaganda Department, from the official agency Xinhua, supervises and sanctions. With at least 27 journalists held in detention, China was, on January 1st 2005, the largest prison of the world for the professionals of information.
[...] And, with regard to freedom of movement on the Chinese territory, the American newspaper notes that "to go to Tibet, foreign journalists remain subjected to the same obligations as any tourist". ¶The culture of non-transparency is tough in China, as shows the training programme in English dedicated to the police officers to prepare them with the OG. handbook published by the Domestic Affairs Department to the police force of Beijing contains the simulation of a dialogue between a police officer and a journalist in the hypothetical case where this last would seek to be informed on the Falun gong sect", raises The Washington Post, which translates this extract. [...]
[...] The national and international protests took surely part in the release in 2004 of Liu Jingsheng, founder of the clandestine review Tansuo (Exploration), after twelve years of detention; as well as in that of the South Korean photographer Jae-hyun Seok, condemned to two years of prison to have covered the situation of the North-Korean refugees in China; and to the reduction of the punishment allocated to the journalist Wu Shishen condemned, in April 1993, to the life imprisonment ordered by the former president Jiang Zemin "to have illegally revealed secrets of State". [...]
[...] - Reporters without borders “Xinhua: the biggest propaganda agency in the world” - http://iso.hrichina.org/iso : Human Right organization in China - www.xinhuanet.com : official press agency Xinhua - www.boxun.com www.cicus.org : internet websites about human rights in China - http://sirc.blogspot.com : weblog about the internet use in China - http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2008/02/28/les-internautes- chinois-plebiscitent-les-sites-de-grandes- marques_1016867_651865.html#ens_id=1011214 : article in Le Monde (French newspaper) about internet in China - http://www.ecrans.fr/RSF-Internet-autant-censure-que-la,2916.html : article in Ecran French website about the media in the world) - article in Courrier International liberté de la presse à durée determine” Hoda Saliby Statement: condemnation of a scandalous situation Some facts and examples to illustrate the current situation of censorship in PRC Xinhua News Agency "China is deprived from the right of the freedom of the press; it does not authorize political divergences and prohibits any independence of the media. [...]
[...] Especially Jiao Guobiao, known to have networked a pamphlet in which he put in: "the ministry for Propaganda became the bastion of the foolishness and of the most retrogressive forces in China ( . ) if one lets it harm with impunity, it will delay progress of the Chinese political culture, and will completely discredit million Chinese intellectuals. This is why it is necessary to rise against the ministry for Propaganda and to attack it II- Internet: a possible way for the opposition? [...]
[...] The first enemy of the freedom of the press in China remains the Central Publicity Department, which depends directly on the central committee of the Communist Party. Unable to censure everything, it regularly orders to the journalists not to write on the most significant political and social subjects. It is also in charge to maintain silence on the great taboo subjects.¶Nineteen years after the massacre of the Tiananmen Square, it is always forbidden to use the term "June 4th" in the press and on the Internet. [...]
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