Immigrants and development , small-scale market, production
The Santa Catarina historiography describes the process of occupation of the western part of the state as a result of the signing of the "limits of agreement between the Paraná and Santa Catarina" in 1916 and the completion of the stretch of railroad São Paulo-Rio Grande (Cabral, 1970). The previous occupation to 1916 resulted from the chains of settlement that moved the Guarapoava fields constant (PR), Vacaria (RS) and Lages (SC), as a result of the cattle industry crisis. So many children aggregates and former sieving of ranchers estates, added to former workers of the construction company of the railroad, expalharam by the western Santa Catarina, developing a natural economy.
After 1916, several colonization of companies - such as southerm intensified, the trade of Santa Catarina west of the land, chopping it in batches of 200 to 300 meters wide and a kilometer deep, was limited to the extensive existing livestock farms in the municipalities of Abelardo Luz, Faxinal dos Guedes and Freshwater. The location of the German and Italian descendants in colonial lots obeyed the pre-established by the colonizing projects and commercial capital of Porto Alegre.
[...] After 1916, several colonization of companies - such as southerm intensified the trade of Santa Catarina west of the land, chopping it in batches of 200 to 300 meters wide and a kilometer deep, which was limited to the extensive existing livestock farms in the municipalities of Abelardo Luz, Faxinal dos Guedes and Freshwater. The location of the German and Italian descendants in colonial lots obeyed the pre-established by the colonizing projects and commercial capital of Porto Alegre. In small farms occurred bean, wheat, cassava and raising chickens, pigs and other animals. These products were intended for home consumption. Small producers developed yerba mate harvest, planting of alfalfa and timber extraction aimed at local and national markets. [...]
[...] There was then a social differentiation widened the horizons of some traders who came to install local processing of certain agricultural products. This process, initiated during the 30s, was widespread throughout the country, as the global economic crisis, to close our foreign markets, opened up the possibility for some internally produce traders what was imported. Development of agro-industrial capitalism in the west of Santa Catarina In 1940, a group of Rio Grande do Sul marketers started to build a mill and a refrigerator pigs in the city of Concordia (SC). [...]
[...] In urban areas have developed yet sawmills, small machine shops and agricultural crafts, which often unfold in producing manufacturing beneficiation equipment. So in western Santa Catarina you could see that there is a natural and market economy in rural areas. In cities, small craft workshops coexisted with the small commercial capital import / export and large colonization companies. The small commodity production on the basis of the capital accumulation process Some descendants of Italian Rio Grande do Sul were introduced in western Santa Catarina, seeking opportunity to turn into traders. [...]
[...] There was a high technological standard of the Sadia group for the conversion of productive capacity. From the mid-50th to the early '60s Brazilian industrialization undergone profound changes with the installation of automobile industries, electrical material, chemical etc. The expansion of industrial activities, the acceleration of the urbanization process and decrease the culling of pigs by multinational and domestic refrigerators installed in São Paulo / SP area, encouraged the installation of new refrigerators in western Santa Catarina: Seara (1956), Chapecó (1952), Unifrico in 1953, set amidst others. [...]
[...] The employee had a baler press alfalfa and in company with his boss, baling decided what was produced in the region. How Tisian did not have time for such activity, let it be borne by the employee. It was this process that was born profit Fontana because it enfardava the product and dispatched it to São Paulo, where prices reached satisfactory with the wholesalers. During the period from 1930 to 1940 - the third Kondratieff B phase (1920- 1940) - the crisis has forced marketers west Santa Catarina to merge their capital in order to reduce operating costs. [...]
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