Cars and, through them, all the automotive industries, from the conception to the end of the vehicles is one of the most polluting industries. Nowadays nobody can ignore that the effect of the pollution on the earth is the major problem that humanity has to deal with. We should react, and most of the citizens of the developed countries understood it. To face this growing demand in "green cars", and also to take advantage of it, the automobile constructors need to change their entire organization. But people becoming aware of the situation is not the only reason that incite the constructors to change in an environmental-friendly way. The high rate of the raw materials and the need to find others sources of energy are also triggers of a change. In the following pages, I will first show you the current situation of the cars and also the beginning of a green car industry; then I will find the solutions that constructors are going to use, and try to forecast what the automotive industry will look like in the future.
[...] The target which is recycling 95% by weight of all vehicles by 2015 will require a huge effort on the part of car manufacturers and all those involved in the industry. They will need to innovate and to keep recycling very much in mind at the design stage of new cars (with for example some helpful indications for the breakers). The UE will also put on place the labelling of individual parts in order to identify them. The latter action has to be combined with design policy from the producers to make the dismantling of car parts simpler. [...]
[...] The production of a car is made by several industrial steps which create a lot of wastes, such as oil, metal, steel, chemical elements And the manufacturers try to eradicate these wastes in their factories. Let see the example of a responsible company like Toyota, it has already put in place a prevention policy of global warming with a reduction of substances of concern, reduction of waste and the conservation of resources, including water. They also use a “just-in- time production, made by actively involved workers. [...]
[...] The car of the future will respond intelligently to stimulants from the environment and to driver behaviour. The mains topics where nanotechnology will be important are the safety, the comfort but also the environment. With nano materials it is possible to link these 3 topics. Nanotechnology findings will be used for optimizing the combustion process and exhaust cleaning, as well as for weight reduction of the car body, developing self- healing lacquers, abrasion resistance and traction of the tyres or functional car glazing. [...]
[...] The cars of tomorrow Even if it is more for rates increasing reasons rather than to save the environment, the future car will have a completely different structure thanks to new materials. Nowadays the rates of material massively used in the automotive industry (steel, aluminium ) are very high. Indeed this raise of the rates permit to make others materials profitable and competitive. The use of new materials may seem environmentally preferable in all the life cycle stages. It has been estimated that less than two percent of the energy a vehicle uses actually ends up transporting its passengers. [...]
[...] IV) Progress in work Even if, as you can see above, a lot of things should be done to set up a real green industry for the automobile, which take care of the environment and of the future if the earth; for 10 years the “green power” is moving and rising. Some factors can explain this movement toward an environmental-friendly industry. First the rate of the oil, these last years has never stopped to climb. Thus it has led to a situation where it is necessary seek others solutions. [...]
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