Entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial economy model, potential of creativity, innovate, exploited an opportunity to create, translating thoughts, experiences, learnings, motivation, Gabarret, Vedel
Entrepreneurs are seen as pillars of the market economy and their activities as creators of value and employment. Indeed, we live in an entrepreneurial economy model. In the first place, it is important to define the word 'entrepreneur': she/he is an individual who has the courage to overcome the risks and uses her/his full potential of creativity to innovate. We also can see the entrepreneur as an individual or a group of individuals who succeed in identifying and exploited an opportunity to create value in its environment.
[...] SARASVATHY, S.D. (2001). Causation and Effectuation: Toward a Theoretical Shift from Economic Inevitability to Entrepreneurial Contingency. University of Washington. In: Academy of Management Review. Vol No 243-263. TOUNÉS, A. FAYOLLE, A. (2006). The odyssey of a concept and the multiple figures of the entrepreneur. In: La Revue des Sciences de Gestion, N. 220- 221, 17-30. [...]
[...] Indeed, some of them are driven into entrepreneurship because they do not have a better job alternative at this point in their lives. Motivation, according to Gabarret and Vedel, is an energy that leads towards action, namely the creation of a business. We may have factors that are likely to positively or negatively influence the entrepreneur act, for example unemployment, job dissatisfaction, family constraints, or availability of technological and financial material resources, family, education. In other words, based on these factors, some people find it easier than others to become entrepreneurs. [...]
[...] All these new entrepreneurial figures are different from the monolithic vision of the past (Tounes and Fayolle, 2006). II. Being born entrepreneur refers to the background of the individual or a natural talent towards entrepreneurship The entrepreneur can be considered an individual born with a sixth sense, with a natural intuitive capacity to undertake and perform actions. It is from this perspective that a multitude of literary writing evokes very specific cases such as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs. According to Antoine Bisson, founder of Poka, it seems possible to be born in an environment that encourages the emergence of some business acumen, where the cultural influences and the family context can obviously have a certain impact on an entrepreneurship journey. [...]
[...] GIACOMIN, O. JANSSEN, F. GUYOT, J-L. Jean-Luc. (2016). Entrepreneurs of necessity and opportunity: what behaviors during the creation phase? In: Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol 181-204. RÉDIS J. SAHUT, J.M. (2013/4). Repeated entrepreneurship, organizational capital and access to venture capital financing. In: Gestion 2000, Vol 85-108. [...]
[...] That being said, we should free ourselves from our typical images of entrepreneurs, keep in mind our desire to learn, to grow, to continuously improve ourselves and to continuously extend our ideas towards a viable, fair and united world. References BERNARD, M-J. DUBARD, B S. (2016). Resilience and entrepreneurship: A dynamic and biographical approach to the act of entrepreneurship. In: M@n@gement, Vol 89-123. Available on: https://www.cairn.info/revue- management-2016-2-page-89.htm GABARRET, I. VEDEL, B. (2015). For a new approach to entrepreneurial motivation. In: La Revue des Sciences de Gestion, N 13-20. [...]
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