The growth of education in England is largely associated with the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and the rule of the Tudor monarchy. Although there are many factors which contributed to the advancement of education, it was the policies of church and state that had the greatest impact. It is also important to note that the growth of education was an inevitably slow process for England; advancements were followed by setbacks and so on. The Reformation in England brought the rise of a Protestant society bent on procuring Protestant religion among the masses. During this same time, more and more interest was also given to the institution of education.
[...] At this time, the people of England had become greatly devoted to religious orthodoxy and the religious teachings learned in schools were also reverberated in the home. As with most developing institutions, the growth of education and schools was not a steady process. While in most cases institutions advanced to become well equipped centers of education, there were still cases of woeful inadequacy. As the seventeenth century progressed, it became more and more important for members of the lay society to be educated in order to secure a professional career, thus ensuring that education institutions would continue to spread and develop in the years to come. [...]
[...] Following his rejection, Henry severed papal jurisdiction in England and proceeded to found and become head of the Church in England. Henry's next step in severing papal ties was the dissolution of the monasteries and chantries; though motivated by financial reasons, this was a considerable step for protestant advancement. While the dissolution of the monasteries and chantries did cause certain places of education to disappear, it was not long before new institutions were established and old ones re-established. In an effort to bring these new institutions under a uniform system, Henry instituted the use of uniform Latin grammar, which had the effect of creating more permanently based schools. Henry was also concerned about the universities where the student population had declined significantly and “conditions were so confused that teaching and learning suffered serious hardships.” The two main universities focused on were Oxford and Cambridge. [...]
[...] The duality of religion and education can also be seen during the mid-sixteenth century, when the reformers realized the need to reform the church to produce more educated clergy for the task of schoolmasters, but the church also realized that no new reforms could be made within the church without more educated men coming in. It is also important to note the role of the state in maintaining religious conformity, since they believed that it was vital for political stability. [...]
[...] Education in the West of England 1066-1548. Exeter Orme, Nicholas. Education and Society: in Medieval and Renaissance England. London: The Hambledon Press Nicholas Orme, Education in the West of England 1066-1548 (University of Exter, 1976) 26. T. L. Jarman, Landmarks in the History of Education, English Education as Part of the European Tradition (London : The Cresset Press, 1951), 145- 151. Joan Simon,Education and Society in Tudor England (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1966) Roger Chartier, Practicle Impact of Writing,” in A History of Private Life, ed. [...]
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