On February 11, 1945, at the Yalta conference, even before its capitulation was signed, Germany was aware of its defeat against its counterparts. The Allies, the United States, Great Britain, the USSR and France, united for the occasion against the common enemy, Nazism, decided that if they won, they would divide the territory of Germany into four zones of occupation and its capital, Berlin would be expected to dismantle its military and industrial occupations. They even decided to impose war reparations and conduct Nazi war trials, the Nuremberg trials.
After the war, there was mistrust in the air among the Americans over Stalin, who they suspected of not respecting the commitments made at the Yalta Conference. It all started with the denouncing of the USSR of the US because of it being a superpower and having the power to rule the world (the US possessed nuclear weapons). Therefore the mistrust. This mistrust was expressed by Churchill in his Fulton speech in which he spoke of the iron curtain' that had divided Europe into two in 1946. In 1947, Truman wanted to leave the country under Soviet domination and prevent the Soviet wave through the Marshall Plan (financial assistance).
The Soviets immediately reacted: in 1947, following the Truman Doctrine, Zhdanov launched his and denounced US imperialism as undemocratic.The USSR launched the Cominform in 1949, a solidarity network of communist parties. In June 1948, Westerners wanted to unify their three areas to create a German Federal Republic. But Stalin stopped it.
However, by an ingenious process, the Americans built an air bridge to supply the city. Stalin removed the blockade after a year in May 1949. This led to the division of Germany into two, the symbol of a bipolar world. And to symbolize more divisions, there was the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 by the Soviet community, according to them, it was for stopping the wave of immigrants from east to west. Kennedy, in his speech of June 26, 1963, complained that the Berliners had ventured to do nothing about it. But the context had changed the peaceful coexistence, and so nobody intervened in the affairs of others.
Tags: Nazism, Soviets, Allies, the United States, Great Britain, the USSR and France, Truman Doctrine, Churchill, Zhdanov, Kennedy, German Federal Republic.
[...] Its business model was based on planning and collectivization. Thus, Germany was divided into two, two world views that were completely opposite in nature: the west was based on the American model and the east on the Soviet model. II. Germany in the hope of better relations from 1962 to 1975, an era of relaxed international relationships The normalization of the relations between the west and the east The Cuban missile crisis in 1962 led to a realization of nuclear risk and terror of endangering the existing peace. [...]
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[...] This led to the division of Germany into two, the symbol of a bipolar world. And to symbolize more divisions, there was the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961 by the Soviet community, according to them, it was for stopping the wave of immigrants from east to west. Kennedy, in his speech of June complained that the Berliners had ventured to do nothing about it. But the context had changed the peaceful coexistence, and so nobody intervened in the affairs of others. [...]
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